Women empowerment is a technique of boosting up the morality of the women by maximising their performance and it is beneficial for minimising discrepancies among the men and women. According to Duflo (2012), women are significant to make the economy strong as well as the quality of their life has been improved, which in turn brings gender equality across the global market. Besides, women empowerment and their rights in front of the men would lead to achieve sustainable development (Sultana and Hasan, 2010). From this point, it can be said that women empowerment is one of the essential tools for economic growth. As a result, women empowerment has significance and they would get right and liberty in making their own decisions, which would keep the society or country in one step forward.
Concept of the study
Women empowerment is at the centre of economic progress, which in turn helps the women to improve their households or community in terms of the broader aspects. As opined by Varkey, Kureshi and Lesnick (2010), the morality of the women can be boosted up through uplifting the literacy rate or by providing the training program. However, Rahman, Hoque and Makinoda (2011) argued that the previous scenario or the equivalent discrimination among the men and women was not so prevalent in the ancient times. For instance, the Greek women of the ancient period would not get permission to cast their votes, instead of it, they needed to stay at home and need to rear their children (Cartwright, 2016). The customs and the social rules were vague during the ancient periods for the female members of the families. However, the scenario was different in India. The women were at the better position in the Rig-Vedic time, nonetheless, this situation started to deteriorate during the period of Vedic civilisation (Murray, 2011; Banerjee, 2012). In the ancient India, women got the liberty to choose their husband between the suitors. Even in the post Vedic civilisation period, women did not get the equal right to the men. Apart from this, some social evils such as dowry system or the child marriage would make the society worsen. Das (2012) stated that poverty and the illiteracy were the prime hindrances of women empowerment. After that Raja Ram Mohan Roy and Jyotirao Phule had started to raise voice for the women empowerment as well as from the equal distribution in the societal practice (Shirazi, 2012). With the passage of time, the women deprivation situation across the world market has been improved.
Background of the IT industry
The UK IT industry is dominated by the male employees. For instance, Bill Gates to Mark Zukerberg usually recruits the male employees. Only 16% to 18% employees are female in the workforce. However, it can be mentioned that the scenario has been changed and the organisations usually recruit those employees, who are eligible for the works. With the changing work environment, the organisation aims to facilitate the talents. It would minimise the gender discrimination in the work place.
Reason of choosing this topic
Discrimination among men and women would be a barrier to the progress of a country or society. More specifically, the discrimination in the workplace among the men and the women would lead to affect the performance level of the female employees. In the opinion of Hall (2013), female employees would feel deprived in the workplace under the presence of workplace discrimination. Apart from this, Metcalfe (2011) cited that for making a country developed, women empowerment and equal distribution would be two of the essential tools for achieving the goal of development. In order to minimise workplace discrimination and for improving the individual performance level, the women empowerment is essential for the progress of the society and the countries.
The aim of the research is to determine the effect of women empowerment in the IT industry of the UK. In this context, the researcher would try to find out the technique of achieving the equivalent rights of the women with the men over the years. As a result, the evaluation of women empowerment in the present years can be analysed with the ancient period.
The objectives of the research are described below:
To determine the effect of women empowerment in the performance level of the IT industry of the UK.
To determine the negative consequences in the performance level for the presence of workplace discrimination.
To determine the evolution of women empowerment in the present years compared to the ancient times.
To determine the role of management of the UK organisations in influencing the women for minimising workplace discrimination.
In order to analyse the impact of women empowerment in the workplace, the researcher would complete both the correlation and the regression analysis with the help of SPSS. In this context, it can be stated that the effect of women empowerment is considered as the independent variable, whereas the performance of the UK organisations would be considered as the dependent variable. The hypotheses of the research are:
H0: There is no relationship between the workplace discrimination and the organisational performance level.
H1: There is a direct effect of the workplace discrimination on the organisational performance level.
H0: The current situation of women empowerment has not been improved compared to the ancient times.
H1: The current situation of women empowerment has been improved compared to the ancient times
H0: The management of the UK IT industry would not have a positive influence on the performance level of the women employees
H1: The management of the UK IT industry has a positive influence on the performance level of the women employees
In order to find out the effect of women empowerment in the individual performance level of the UK IT employees, the researcher would conduct the primary research. In this respect, 60 employees, who would be chosen for conducting the survey of the research, are engaged with different IT companies in the country. The employees would be chosen through the simple random sampling technique method so that each of the respondents would get equivalent chance to participate in the survey technique. The survey questionnaire would be close ended, which would be developed with the help of the Likert scale. After collecting the information, the respondents would be evaluated with the help of SPSS statistical software. On the other hand, the researcher would also conduct an interview on 3 managers of the UK IT industry for identifying their roles and influence in influencing the women. It is noted that during collecting the information, the ethical principles are required to be maintained.
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