Scenario Wasim is a 29 year old male student studying Arts at an Australian
University. Wasim is reading facebook and sees
that all his university friends are talking about buying ‘smart drugs’ to help them perform well in exams. Wasim knows that these ‘smart drugs’ are stimulants that are prescribed for conditions like ADHD (attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder). He used to have a friend at school with
ADHD but doesn’t think any of his friends have been diagnosed with it, nor does he know anyone who has been prescribed stimulants. Wasim has just started at university and has learned that harm can come from either wrong information or lack of information about drugs, so decides to test out his skills in evaluating evidence by finding out about whether the claims his friends are making are true or not. Clinical question Do stimulants increase academic performance in university students? Evidence Hildt,
E., Lieb, K., & Franke, A. G. (2014). Life context of pharmacological academic performance enhancement among university students - a qualitative approach. BMC Medical Ethics, 15(1), 23-23. doi:10.1186/1472-6939-15-23 Munro, B. A., Weyandt, L. L., Marraccini, M. E., & Oster, D. R. (2017). The relationship between nonmedical use of prescription stimulants, executive functioning and academic outcomes. Addictive Behaviors, 65, 250-257. doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.addbeh.2016.08.023
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requires the student to identify strengths and weaknesses of each research study by critical evaluation. This will be achieved by answering the following questions:
1. Authorship a. Make a judgement regarding the authors’ expertise, qualifications and affiliations. b. Are there grounds for conflict of interest related to the authors of the paper and the study findings?
2. Research Aims a. What were the research question, aims or hypothesis (if stated)? b. Explain how the authors justified the need for the study?
3. Design a. Examine the research methodology and methods used in the study? b. Justify why the methodology and methods were appropriate to meet the aims of the study? c. Who were the participants in the research study?
4. Findings a. Discuss how the findings/results/conclusion answers the stated research question, aim or hypothesis?
Part B –
requires the student to discuss the factors which influence the use of evidence in practice. This will be achieved by answering the following questions:
1. Discuss the barrier’s for the application of evidence in practice.
2. Discuss how closely the research studies provided align with the PICO question/elements.
Students are required to demonstrate the ability to reflect on
a health scenario and critically evaluate the evidence provided in relation to the health question and scenario. Students are required to justify, make judgements and analyse at a beginning level, the research quality of evidence-based literature. Finally students are required to discuss the factors which influence the use of evidence in practice and consider the
PICO/PICo question/elements. The evaluation of evidence must be supported with valid and varied academic sources (minimum x6 including research papers under evaluation). Evaluate the evidence provided (two supporting research studies) and read the health scenario and related PICO question. Writing in an essay format (introduction, body, conclusion, reference list) answer the questions in Part A and
The research paper being evaluated should be written as a full reference at the beginning of the section (and included in the reference list). Intext the paper can be referred to as (author, year). Each paper should be evaluated separately. Small/short headings may be used. Do not repeat the questions or scenario. The following questions in Part A and Part B form the basis of your critical evaluation of each research study. Please provide answers to all questions for each study written in an essay format supporting all explanation and discussion with supporting evidence (e.g. Richardson-Tench et al., 2016).
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