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    The aspects of health governance are necessary for consideration on the part of the governmental entities and health boards of all countries, especially with the advent of the negative consequences that the unchecked conditions and circumstances in this regard can bring. The reviewed country in the following study is Australia, with the health governance informing the needed reforms being discussed in an intricate and appropriate manner as well. 
    Health Issues that ensure Creation of the Need to Improve Public Health Outcomes
    The rise of pollution in the major cities of Australia (such as Sydney, Melbourne and Perth) has led to a drastic rise in the number of patients suffering from ailments and conditions such as asthma and osteoarthritis. In addition to the aforementioned, the time of response on the part of the health authorities has been noted to be unsatisfactory in several cases, with an improvement within the same being necessary for the overall public health outcomes in this regard. 
    Examination of the Current Legal Framework
    The laws, legislation and acts such as the Health Practitioner Regulation National Law Act 2009 are some of the main constituents of the existing legal frameworks pertaining to health governance in the reviewed nation. While they have decreed that the health authorities are to provide an immediate response upon gaining awareness regarding any kind of situation related to the patients, the fact remains that the rising number of cases of ailments such as asthma makes it difficult for the existing number of health organisations in being able to mitigate the same. Improvements are necessary in the current legal framework (in order to ensure the necessary efforts in mitigating the aforementioned problems).  
    Application of the Current Legal Framework on the Health Problems
    The Health Practitioner Regulation National Law Act 2009 decrees that the activities of the health practitioners must be regulated for the purposes of providing the best possible solutions for the recurring health problems of the nation. The practitioners must be able to provide the services to the population in general in a manner fitting for the treatment, with the application of the aforementioned Act and all features of the health governance legal framework of the Government of Australia being helpful in all such situations. 
    Identification of the Institutional Framework and Legal Mechanisms
    The main legal mechanisms that have been established by the national government of Australia regarding the timely delivery of the necessary health services are the National Health Act 1953, the Australian Health and Welfare Act 1987 and the Health Practitioner Regulation National Law Act 2009. The wording as well as the institutional frameworks of the laws in question, when followed accordingly, can help in the prevention of the issues such as the discussed ones.
    Potential Areas of Shortcoming and their Mitigation
    The potential areas of shortcoming in these regards include the fact that there are no wordings which have stressed the need for providing the health services in an immediate manner. While the necessity of the same has been acknowledged, no actions against the failure of meetings the main needs in this regard have been stated. The main manner of mitigation of this issue is the updating and revising of the laws and legislation, with a failure in providing immediate health interventions and treatments being punishable for the guilty parties (with the presence of strict punishments).  
    The determination of the main aspects of the legal frameworks of a country is necessary for understanding the flaws and weaknesses within the same, with the absence of the implementation of a strict disciplinary action in case of late health intervention being the main flaw in the Australian context. The mitigation of the same can lead to the improvement in the overall health governance of Australia in an appropriate manner.