The bio py cliosocial factors refer to the integration of social. biological and psj cliological factor
» hich are necessarr for the » elf-being of a person. The wellbeing of a person strongly highlights the entire mental, social and health strength of a person and helps to lead a quality life. In the current scenario. the bio psychosocial factor is i’ery’ much necessay’ in ordcr to achicx’e a sustainable lifc and it can cnhancc the social dci’clopmcnt, Thus. in the current essay. this bio psi chosocial aspect has been highlighted in order to ei’aliiate its role in the society and u ellbeing of the indi idual for leading quality of life.
LOI. Demonstration of bio psychosocial factors in thc person’s lifespan pCrspCctivc |GA1,
Being a chain smoker Mr, Ying is seeking help from the healthcare expert in order to mitigate this habit. According to Barker a\ (2t113). in case of a patient u ith the habit of smoking. it might be difficult to quit smoking due to immcnse addiction that intensifies after i ears of smoking It has been noticed that due to short add ice and sort time for counselling. a person itiight double their chances of smoking. In the current case, Ying needs an effective counselling process u hich can proc ide him appropriate motif ation in order to change his habit of smoking As stated by Brannon. FGlst & Updcgraff (2013). in casc of a smokcr. thc nicotine acts likc other drugs such as heroin or cocaine u hich has a strong potential for addiction. Ying has also planned to quit smoking although duc to lack of planning. it has been failcd. Thus. in order to miiigatc thc smoking habit. the Nicotine Replacement Therapy (NRT) is gis en to him.
On the other hand. before starting this therapy. the person. Mr. Ying needs to be provided with a itiotivational inter ieu by the counsellor in order to accuitiulate all the aspects of bio
psi chosocial factors. Stan-Parbiiri (2017) suggested that, »’ith the help of inotii’ational intein’ieu session. five principles need to be taken care such that the counsellor can listen to the i iei of Mr. Ying i ith empathy iii order to make the person comfortable. Apart from this, the counsellor might not argue i 'itli Ynig and slo» Ij can develop a discrepancy in the alues and goal. As opined by Aaidreu s & Hicks (2017), this process helps the person to distinguish betii’een the current and future bio psychosocial strategy in life With thc hclp of this motii’ational intcrx’icii’ing method. thc hcalthcarc coiincillor can initiate thc biological and psi chological dei’elopment of the person follou’ed by proper social life.
LO2. Description of thc impact of resilience in the behaviour of human [GAS]
There is a huge gap betu ecu a resilience procedure in rapid and in a sustainable » ay in u hich the rapid resilience sometimes short health deterioration of the patient. Thus. in order to pro ’ide proper trcntmcnt. the slo»’ but cffcctix’c proccdnre of bio psj chosocial thcrapi has bccn chosen for Mr. Ying. According to Asfar. Lam & Lee (2015). among the biological aspect. the counsellor might follow up the phs sical addiction ti pe of the paticnt. Ying is used to taking one packet of cigarette regularly and lie is try’ing to i ithdra» the smoking habit. Ho» ever, in this scenario. the counsellor can provide re lieving therapeutic measures such as N RT like a patch. lozenge gum. nasal spray or inhales to the person in order to conduct the first stage of the thcrapy. On the othcr hand. Billctt (2016) argues that thc psj chological thcrapj reqiiircs a bidirectional irn’oli’ement in actii’ities from both patient and counsellor.
In order to reduce the biological craving. Wellbiitrin or Z\ ban can be proi’ided u hich further trigger on pH chological actii’ities such as behai ioural and cognitive improveiiieiit As argucd bj Efraimsson ct o/. (2015), the beha ioural and cognitive cha s• refers to the cha s •s of
strategies such as "Smokmg is not an option" There is a coping strate gj that can also be
incorporatcd such as sclf-hclp managcmcnt skills in order to loii’cr stress. On the othcr hand. socially Ying can be dei’eloped of copping ii hich triggers the non-smoking lifestyle. According to Jennings (2017). in this situation. the person needs to understand the effect of passim e smot.ing on his surroundings and the set ere effects of this on children and pregnant » omen.
LO3. Demonstration of the impact of human behaviour psychology in health anal »’eIlbcing
As per the transtheoretical model. the person changes his behai’ioural strategy by the fii’e-stage dei’elopinent. According to Matcham er n/ (2017). this process can be initiated ii ith thc contemplation process » hich refers to making the person think seriously about the issue, In case of Ying, this process has been already initiated by him and he has approached the counsellor in order to mitigate the health issue Thus, initiation and understanding the issue for on n health makcs thc counsclling process smoothcrHo»’ci’cr. Siniddj’. O'Connell & Crccdon (2015) argued that the next process of contemplation is another significant aspect u hich might show’ some adi'erse conseqiienccs Mr Ying might also short this adi'erse health condition diic to thc psjchological and biological cram ing for nicotine In this stage. the patients might get troubled u ith high BP and fluctuation ofital signs u hich the therapist needs to monitor properly According to Spear ci o/. (20 l6). the next step of preparation refers to the small changing in the bchai’ioiir of thc person in ii’hich a positii’c approach can bc noticcd from thc site of the patient.
This step is follow ed by tlic action stcp ii hich in volt es thc iiiiplcinentatioii of NRT and other drugs to Mr. Ying » hich is the major part of changing of bio psychosocial aspect. According to Valentine, Neinbhard & Edinondson (2015). in case of a patient » ith the habit of smoking. it might be difficult to quit smoking diic to iminensc addiction that intcnsifies after i ears of smoking. It has been noticed that din to short adi’icc and sort time for counselling, a person might double their chances of smoking. In the current case. Ying needs an effectii’e counselling process ii hich can proc ide him appropriate motif ation in order to change his habit of smoking In the end, it is essential for the therapist to rriake sure the sustainability of process and handling of temptation for smot.rug. Along u ith this the selfinanageinent to handle the stress is also necessary in order to achicvc the quality of hcalth and lifestyle socially
LO4. Application of human behaviour psychology in changing of health behaviour [GA6]
The person, Mr. Ying needs to be proc ided ii ith a motif ational intern iei bj the counsellor in order to accuitiulate all the aspects of bio psychosocial factors, Stein-Parbury’ (2017) suggested that. with the help of motif ational inter ten session, fi e principles need to be taken care such as the counsellor can listen to the s’ieii of Mr Ying ii ith empathy in order to make the person comfortablc. According to Zingg ‹r of. (2015). among thc biological aspect. thc counscllor might follou’ up the phs sical addiction ti pe of the patient. Ying is used to taking one packet of cigarette re gularly and he is try’ing to ii ithdra» the smoking habit. Apan froiti this, the counsellor might not argue » itli Ying and sIo» ly can dci elop a discrepancy in the values and goal. As opined bj Andrew s & Hicks (2017), this process helps the person to distinguish betu ecu the current and future bio psychosocial strategy in life Thus. Frith the help of the changing bchai’iour of Ying. thc therapist can promote morc psychosocial counsclling process According to Matcham e/ nf. (2017). this process can be initiated u ith the contemplation process u hich refers to make the person think seriously about the issue.
lii casc of Ying. this proccss has becn alrcadj initiated bj him and he has approached thc counsellor in order to mitigate the health issue (Clnauzzi, Rodarte & DasMahapatra. 2015). Thus. initiation and understanding the issue for on n health makes the counselling process sinoothcr Thc thcrapist can proinotc inorc bio psi’chosocial coiinsclling ii ith thc help of thc example of Mr, Ying On the contras . the counsellor might incorporate the strategies to dci’olop the passive and actin e strategies to mitigate the chance of further nicotuie intake of Mr. Ying Ho» ei er. the past habit of smoking and its set ere effect on the health of the person also need to be ct aluated bj the therapist » hich is going to help the patient lead a quality of life (Bernstein ef n/. 2t113).
Henceforth. it can be concluded that. ii ith the help of bio psj cliosocial therapeutic changes, a person can quit their bad habits such as smoking, In spite of being an add erse influence on men e, brain. psychological and social image, smoking can be eradicated it by a set of proper therapy in a planned manner. The ii ellbcing of a person strongh highlights thc entire incntal. social and hcalth strcngth of a pgrson and hclps to lcad a quality life. In case of Mr Ying. this counselling and therapy might help him to conduct a quality of life in future. Thus. in order to achieve the goal and promote no smoking actii’ities. the goi’emment needs to take initiatii es and can pro ide effective legislation to stop tobacco selling.
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