Now’ in the current society . the Obesity is the major problem. in that U S stands as a ma,;or one among that.
Obesity can be defined as the condition in is’hich one carries more body wcight than recommended or expected. Obesity can be attnined in a person at different ages, especially early on in life. This can be affected by different genetic. environmental, and behai ioral factors. Childhood obesi9’, unfortunately, is a serious current health epidemic with terrible consequences for this mation’s health. especially its children (Cunningham. Kramer. & Narayan. 2014).)’ Numerous causes are contributing to this epidcmic including nuuition, sedcntary' lifcstj les. and significant changcs in the way children now eat. The amount of food Americans consume, thc frequency and the h pcs of foods theinseli es are among these changes in eating habits
The purpose of the paper is to help in decreasing the predominance of childhood obcsity’, especially thc school-aged ones. Ho» ci er, this ii ill be donc for different purposes that u’ill be focused towards meeting the main objectii’e. The paper u ill iiu estigate the lei’el of obesi9 in the children in elemental’ schools. School end ironment can play a significant role in creating safer and supportii’e eni’ironmcnts ii’ith practices and policies that promote hcalthy habits. Also, schools can help by proc iding opportunities for students in learning and practicing physical actin ity behai iors and healthy eating.
' Cunningham, S. A., Kramer, M. R., & Narayan, K. V, (2014). Incidence of Childhood Obesi in the United States. Ne» England Journal of Medicine, 370(5), 403-411. doi’10.1056
Health Issues that ensure Creation of the Neeil to Impros'c Public Health Outcomes
According to numerous researchers. American people are the fattest on the entire u ord. Unfortunately , thcrc is no slow ing down anj time soon. A sun ej by The Journal of the Aincrican Medical Association of adult women and men here in the USA betu een 1999 and 2000, found that about 30.5% of Americans are struggling u’ith obesip’. This is up from 23% ten years earlicr. and ncarly two-thirds (64%) are oi’eini’eight
O&sity has hen experienced mostly by older people for decades, but research has found that it can be experienced at any age as well. Children are victims of this major issue that keeps getting worse and worse. Soine argue that parents can be seen as one the inain causes of this phenomenon as w’ell as the sai’iors in fixing this problem for their children. Here is no definitii’e ansu’er tough as genetics is found to play a significant role in childhood obesiq’ (Deckelbaum. & Williams. 2001)’ This ii’as ei’idenccd ii’hcn the research ii’as conducted for thc comparison bet» een ie els of obesity’ amongst children coining from » ealthy background i ersus those coining from poor families. This topic definitively deserves e ey one‘s attention as obesity amongst children has both immediate and long-terin effects on youth‘ health and well-being.
Examination of the Current Lcgal Framework:
Deckelbaum, R. J., & Williams, C. L. (2001). Childhood obesity. the health issue. Obesity, f(Sl 1).
In children struggling u’ith obesi9’ (P) ho»’ do their oi’erall school nutrition and physical actn.’iq’ (I) compared to their parcnt's ini’oli’emcnt at home (C) affect thcir oi’erall health (Obcsiq ) (O) throughout their prcadolcscence years (T),
Childhood obesiy’ is a serious health problem facing our future generations. It is rising at an extreme rate one could almost call it an epidemic. Childhood obesi9 increases hate a profound effect on the incidences of mortality’ later in life (Boitibak, 2014)’. It can also cause asthma and type II diabetes, which at one tiine could only found in adults. With these facts, childhood obesiq' is not an issue that should not be taken lightly. The obcsih’ ratc has significantly increased amongst children oi’cr the ycars. The harsh reality is that childhood obesity’ u ill lead to e en inore health problems as one enters adulthood.
Application of the Current Legal Frame»’orL on the Health Problems
A me» policy can be suggested regarding the grou'ing problem of childhood obesity in the nation. It can be started locally: onc main problcm that is contributing to childhood obesity is the consumption of unhealthy carbohydrate filled drinks in schools. Sug drinks are a crucial problem related to obesi9’ and other co-morbidities. Primary’ and secondary’ schools allou ing sugar’ drinks as a choice of drink for lunches and in i’ending machines throughout thc schools are encouraging poor nutrition options and aiding in obesiq . Although Texas is one of the states that have started the tax on sugary drmLs. it is necessay to increase the tax on the sugary
Bombak, A. (2014). Obesity, health at ct eg' size, and public health policj . American journal of public health, 104(2), e60-efi7
bei’erages. There are exemptions to this lan’ such as fii’e child nutrition formulas, natural fruits and i’egetables, and milk products (Sugar-Sweetcned Bei’cragc Product Distribution Tax, 2015)
,Studies has e proi’cn that an increase in the tax on thcsc products u ill result in less consumption of the products(Freedman,2007) It is understood that consumption of sugar and obesity go hand in hand. Increase in taxes ii ill hat e people reluctant to buy these products. arid it will indeed help the cause,
Idcntification of the Institutional Frame» ork and Legal stratcgics
The three legs of lobbynig are as follou s professional. grassroots and money. Profcssional lobb;'ing is asking for help from established and »’ell-know n organizations to support your cause likc thc Obcsitj Action Coalition This method is poii’crful bccaiisc repuiablc organixations ma e resources that can provide results. The issue of obesity in the United States has been getting a considerable amount of attention among the public health officials and the la» makers in the country’. Thcrc hat e been multiple rccommeiidatioiis that ma c becii made to the goi’ernment from the Public Health Adi’ocaci Institute (PHAI). a non-profit or ganization that is based on the lan s of public health in this nation. Some of the proposed recommendations incliidc mandating a fcderal tax to thc purchasc of unhealthy foods and bci’cragcs. proi’iding better access to and promotion of in» federal policies to encourage healthier foods in the federal and local retail stores and markets (Kraak., Liz erman. & Kaplan, 2005)". Increase of support to the farms across the nation to help the process of local and home gro» n food distribution Another recommendation »’as to increase federal funding tors ards nutrition research to find a
KraaL, V. A,. Ln’erman. C. T., & Koplan, J. P, (Eds.). (2005), Preventing childhood obesity. health in the balance. National Academies Press
better u’ay to change the culture of the current state of the nation Although there is a struggle in profess for the promotion of healthicr food supply for Aincricans. it is hard for rcscarchcrs to blame the food industy for proi’iding the public u ith unhealthy food choiccs because the industy has lou ered the prices and is providing safer foods to the public itiore than ct er before.
Potential Areas of Shortcoming anal their Mitigation:
In several studies, it has been obser ed that less than 10% of children of thin parents are obese, about 50% of children with an obese parent are obese. and inore than 80% of children ii’hosc parents arc obcsc arc obese Thus, thc existence of a significant correlation bet» cen the ii eight of parcnts and natural childrcn has bccn dcmonstratcd. ii’hile this corrclation is lo»’cr or does not exist when comparing adopti e parents u ith adopted children.
The supercharging can take place at anj time of life, but their influence is greater if started at an early age. The nutrition during childhood has acquired great importance in recent years. deinonstratcd that a significant percentage of obese children evoli’e obese adolcsccnts and obcsc adults. Diets high in fat and carbohj drates can promotc obesip
Genes influence the predisposition to obesity u hen they are related to specific food forms and the a ailability of nutrients. For example, famine pre ents obesity, ct en in people » mo are more prone to it. Also important are the cultural factors related to thc composition of tlic diet and the degree of physical activity . In industrialized societies, obesity is more frequent in poor
u omen. u hile in underdeveloped countries it is in richer ii omen In children. there is a certain degrce of relationship betw een oi’crii’eight and thc time thej spend ii etching telei’ision.
The basic mechanisms that regulate the ingestion of food (appetite/satietj) are located in the central ners ous system. Set eral authors hat e shotrthat there is a relationship beti eeii alterations in the metabolism of serotonin and dietary intake. In the regulation of food intake set eral molecules inter ene, some unLnou n: but perhaps the most important is leptin. This hormone is secrcted bj adipocj tcs. and its lci’el of production is an indcx of adiposc cner deposits. Whcn thcir lci’cls arc high. food intake decreases. and cncrgj cxpcnditurc increases.
Mitigation steps to oi’ercome obesity
To addrcss the problcm of childhood obesiy . thc oi’crall goal of this action plan will be to get parents on board i 'itli ne» healthier lifestyles and choices and reaIir.e their children take after their parent's eating habits and ii ill adapt accordingly. Int of ing the u hole family' in adopting a healths practice ii ill iiiiproi e the chances of it being a continual effect that the child maj one day pass on the ncii lifestyle and writing habits to their children.
The first recoiiimendation is to establish healthier eating habits with the parents. With the parents making the changes the child ii‘ill be likely to pick up the net eating habits as children’s diets arc affected by the p pcs of food catcn by thTir parents.
Stay actin e: The most common u ay to prevent obesity is to lii e an actn e lifesh ie.
Simple actin ities such as taking the stnirs instead of the elevator or walking to the store can help us enormously. Many people enjoy going to the gym too. although it is not
essential either. There are many u’ays to exercise: you can go for a u alL. run. ride a biLe. sii’im. do some cxcrciscs at hoinc such as yoga. etc
Eat healthily The FDA recommends that the average person consume 2.000 calories per day spread or er foods such as dais . meats. cereals. fruits, vegetables. and leguines. You can adapt your diet to meet these FDA standards. one of the most effectii’e ii’ai s to prci’cnt obcsity.
Drink enou s h u ater: Many times people often confuse dehydration u itli signs of hunger in the body The FDA recommends drinking eight or 10 glasses of u’ater a daj The neater clcanses and dctoxifies all the iinpuritics in thc systcm Rcincmbcr that it is important that it be natural u ater. u ithout flavors or any juices or sugar
Keep the4 junk food out of the home, The attractis eness of junk food can sometimes be too hard to bear, and ii e can succumb to temptation How ci’er. be smart and do not buy anj junk food
Eat alone at the tiiiie of hung : Studies have shown that people who are naturally thin are because they only eat when they are hungq’. Only eating w'hen our body tells us to do so is a good n’ay to prei’ent obesity.
The most efficient u ay to hat e an impact on the crisis is to include our health care proc iders, social see ices, educators and our go eminent If u e as a socie9 and community do not acknowledge thc crisis, our childrcn ii ill be at risk of diabetcs, hean discase, arthritis and early mortality . Our kids will be the first generation to In e shorter life expectancy than their parents.
In conclusion, the increase in obesity among American Children and young adults has becn proven to havc a lifclong and negatii e impact. If we do not educate our children and their families, the consequences u ill affect the future of the children. We must u’ork together to educate, pro ’ide resources and create pre ’ention programs u’ith proi’en track records of success (Ogdcn. Carroll. Kit. & Flcgal2G 14). The goi’crnment should collaborate and ii’ork togcther to bring a» areness, pre ention programs and monitoring measures to ensure the programs working To ensure success, we inust also focus on the lou income and minorities who have limited access and resources at ailable to thein. Our children are the future of tomorrow, they must be taught the importance of a hcalthy, actii’e childhood and they will thrii’c and reach their potential and become the adult they u’ere meant to be.
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