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    HEALTH AND SOCIAL CARE

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    HEALTH AND SOCIAL CARE


    SOCIAL POLICY IN HEALTH AND SOCIAL CARE

    Introduction
    In order to provide health and social cares services social policy is directly related because in case of health care services social policy plays most important role. In case of healthcare services, most important factor is to provide proper quality services to the service user and in order to maintain the alignment with that required social policy is established. Meaning of the term health and social care services is not only to provide services to the stakeholders. It expresses or suggests a proper policy, which maintains the equality and at the same time maintains the customer satisfaction.
    Question 1
    Equality Act 
    According to the equality act 2010 it can be suggested that or it actually protects every kind of people from any kind of discrimination in the wider society or various kind of work place. This act basically replaced the earlier version of anti-discrimination law with the help of a single and specific law. The law converted in easier to strengthening and understands the situation and to protect specifically the disabled from any kind of discrimination (Munn-Giddings and winter 2013). Legislation exists or maintained to protect the rights of service user or individuals and also promote specifically the equality of opportunity for everyone.
    Two protective characteristic
    According to the protective characteristic, there are nine protective characteristic and age and disability is one of them.
    1. Age
    Age is continuous in between birth and death.  Apart from that there is generally various kind of process by which it is possible to demarcates certain population groups according to their age.
    According to the UK government review it explore all the available evidence about the severity and scale of issues that actually faced by the people including the age.
    2. Disability
    According to the Equality Act 2010, disability is extremely difficult for performing day-to-day task.  Hence from the definition of disability, according to the SPHO or Scottish public Health Observatory suggest that all the medical model or individual focuses on their damages.
    According to the UK government review it explore all the available evidence about the severity and scale of issues that actually faced by the people including the disability (Manthorpe and Moriarty, 2014, p.355).
    In which way ideology comes from social policy
    It  can be constructed  that  social democratic  view or strands  and the collective  thinking  basically  reflects  both old and new perspective. Generally their lies or it has the ability to accept the mixed economy, public and private. Apart from that it can also be stated that social democratic is a kind of thinking that actually attacks on the poverty that are centre function of the welfare state (Glasby, 2017. p.89). In order to make the possibility or to make the acceptance of specific equality one  of the  most  important  element that are  used  is the  socialist  ideology  or  ideology
    Issues related with the social policy and Ideology
    From  the  viewpoint of social demographic approach it  can be suggested  that  all the  ideology  issues is  related with the  market  or the condition of  the  market. it  is very  essential for the  government  to  compensating the  victims and  must need to intervene  or trespass  in the market. Apart from that it is very important to provide various kinds of opportunities and redistribute the income to overcome all the issues. All the issues poverty, eligibility and family are connected and related with each other. When there are lack of opportunities and discriminates in the society then all the issues related to the ideology is increased.
    The role of institutions
    Actually parliamentary and government structures and all the different kind of branches of the government play one of the most important role in case of making policies and laws. In case of health and social care policy laws are implemented according to the policy based on parliamentary legislation.
    Question 2
    Disability and current issue in disability
    Disability is one of the main issues in UK. Therefore, the UK government welfare actually reform and make their policies with more hardness to destroy the systematic violation over the disable people. Therefore, in order to maintain the equality or disabled people’s rights new inquiry commission UN or United Nation is found.
    In order to resolve the circumstance the UK governance established some major act that can   destroy the violation over the disable people and can help to reduce the discrimination related to the disabled people (Shrewsbury, 2015, p.95). According to the condition the government of UK established Care Act 2014, Equality Act 2010 and also Welfare Reform Act 2012. 
    Issues 
    According to the UN report the conservative - led government cut the amount of fund that are allocated for the disabled people. In this way conservative government hindered all the rights of disabled people’s rights. As a result it is also destroying disabled people's independences.
    Other issues that come out from the reports is that all the benefits that are availing the citizen of UK is not applicable for the disabled people. Therefore they are living actually without the benefits. Hence, it can be suggested they are facing various kind of discrimination (Inglis et al. 2015, p.112).  
    Another issue that is also facing all the disabled people of UK is the Bedroom tax. Apart from that in case of disabled people benefits sanctions is also distributed disproportionately to the disabled people of UK.  
    Question 3
    Process involved in case of formulation the Equality Act 2010
    It can be suggested that at first the Race relation Act is passed and forty years later an act is   passed and that is Sex Discrimination Act. Then after 20 years, the act which is passed is called Disability Discrimination Act. After that almost ten years, later Equality Act 2010 is passed and established. According to the act it actually brought and reforms all the legislation in one form or one statute. According to the Act it basically expanded exactly the anti-discrimination law that is applicable in case of sex, race and disability (Shrewsbury, 2015, p.99). At the same time it also applicable gender reassignment, age, civil partnership and marriage.
    In case of Equality Act 2010 bills are arrived. After that, the discussion is constructed on the key factors of the Equality Act. After that detailed discussion and detailed scrutiny of all the text   with the exact amendments. After fulfilling this process further examination is conducted on the proposed Act. in case of UK it is very necessary to each  house considers the amendments .when  both  the  houses agree with the content  then a  proper  bill is approved  by the queen  and  that can be considered as the act of parliament.   
    Influence on the policy
    After publishing the Equality Act 2010, it creates various kind of influence on the policies.
    In case of educational policy, it can be suggested that all the disabled children of UK have the right to get education in normal school. According to the act, it can be suggested all the school of UK must have to treat the disabled child with more care. 
    In case of recruitment policy, any organization never ejects an employee for the reason of disability. Rather the recruiters have to encourage all the disabled employee or candidate (Hargreaves et al. 2014, p.310). At the time of recruitment any organization has to provide equal privilege both the disabled and non-disabled candidate. 
    Various departments  
    The Equality Act 2010 has some positive impact over the various departments. 
    In case of Human rights, it can be suggested that it provides positive impact over the human rights policy. With the help of this Act Human rights commission can eliminate the discrimination, creates it or equal opportunities for disabled person (Knight et al. 2014, p.280). Apart from that with the help of this act human rights commission can foster cordial relationship in between various kinds of groups
    According to the Act in case of healthcare department, this Act provides positive impact because with the help of this act it becomes possible to provide better treatment and services to the disabled patient and service user.
    Pressure group
    According to the Act of equality or this act provide supports for all those NGO who are doing their work for disable person. As  a  result of for becoming the Act of  parliament  it  creates   various  kinds of support  and all  the NGO  groups  can create pressure with some legal approaches.     
    Law making process
    In case law making  process  Equality Act provides  huge  impact , after  this  Equality Act all the new Act that are published in the UK parliament must provide equality for all the service user in equal manner. According to this Act it can be suggested that it provides positive impact over Gender Act, Disability Act, and Public Sector Act. It is because for the reason of Equality Act rest of the other mentioned Act passed in this manner so that everyone can avail equality in every sector.  
    Question 4
    With the help of this Act which equality can be achieved 
    The Equality Act of  2010 it can be  suggested  that  the main   focus of  this Act is  to reduce the any kind of discrimination in any sector of the society and especially in case of  disable person  there  must be  an  equal right for them. According to the UK report, the rate of disability people is very high (Hoque et al. 2014, p.440). Therefore, to reduce the discrimination this kind of Act is quite important. Therefore, the Equality Act 2010 is amended. With the help of this, it is possible to reduce the discrimination, unnecessary harassment and unnecessary victimization all this can be achieved with the help of Equality Act 2010
    Importance of this act 
    According to this Act it can be suggested that this Act is important because it has nine protected characteristic and that are 
    Age 
    Disability 
    Marriage and civil partnership
    Race
    Gender reassignment
    Religion and belief
    Sex
    Pregnancy and maternity
    Sexual orientation   
    With the help of this Act it is possible to simplifying harmonizing protection and   legislation for the entire individual to make an appropriate society and to improve specifically the   public services. Other than that it can also be constructed that with help of this Act it is possible to reduce the discrimination and violation over the disabled persons and can possible to provide normal and independent life to the disabled person. Therefore, it can be considered one of the most important Acts that are published in UK. 
    Case study related to the disability 
    A disable person is not selected by the recruiter for any job due to the reason of disability. Even the specific person is not allowed to face the selection process that is conducted by the organization. Then  it will  consider  as  the  breach of Equality Act of 2010  because in  this case scenario the normal rights of the person is hindered  and  the same time the organization creates  specifically discrimination towards the disabled person. From the discussion, it can be suggested that it is related with the disability. 
    Question 5
    Disability: Disability creates extremely difficult for performing day-to-day task in proper manner. Apart from the concept of disability it can be suggested that it is a kind of impairment and that can be developmental, physical, cognitive, sensory and also intellectual. It can also be expressed in that format and that it is a substantial effect over an individual’s life activities 
    Impact by the equality act 
    From the Equality act it can be suggested that with the help of Act it is possible to maintain the equality and possible to avoid a kind of discrimination that can hamper the rights of the disabled person (Harwood, 2014, p.1515). This act replaced the earlier version of anti-discrimination law with the help of a single and specific law
    Positivity and Negativity of the Equality Act over the disability  
    From the Equality Act 2010 it can be suggested that it has various kind of positivity that can provide positive impact.
     It allows and creates various kinds of opportunities for all individuals including the disabled person.
      Helps to reduce the discrimination and unnecessary violation
    This Act has some minor negative impact over the disability and that are
    This Act is not always changes very deeply 
    In most of the cases, people do not have any kind of knowledge about their rights. 
    Question 6
    Affect over disability
    From the side of pressure group such as NGO, any organization  can  provide affect  over the disability  because  with  the help of   Equality  Act  it become more easier for  them  to  support  the disabled people and also provide them their rights in proper manner. With the help of equality Act 2010 all the organization can raise their voice for disabled people for their development (Clouder et al. 2016, p.15). 
    Media plays another major role to highlight all the issue that is related to the disability. With the help of media, it is possible to point out all the discrimination that is facing the entire disable person. Some time activities of media helps to make some Act that can be used for social welfare.
    Service user will gain the equal treatment and can live independently like normal people.   
    Impact over disability
    All the groups make some positive impact over the disability because with the help of Equality Act it is possible to solve the entire problem that is related disability issues. All the groups such as pressure group and media actually play the role to develop the situation of the disabled person. It allows and creates various kinds of opportunities for all individuals including the disabled person. Apart from with the help of Equality Act it is possible to reduce the discrimination and unnecessary violation.  
    Law making process
    In order to make any law this equality Act  provides positive impact because all the  Act  that  are passed out from the UK parliament includes the equality Act on the  particular  Act  that  are going to implemented  for the citizen (Walker et al. 2016, p.20). According to this Act it can be suggested that it provides positive impact over Gender Act, Disability Act, and Public Sector Act. It is because for the reason of Equality Act rest of the other mentioned Act passed in this manner so that everyone can avail equality in every sector.  
    Effects of various groups  
    From the Equality Act 2010 it can be suggested the entire mentioned group provide both positive impact and negative impact over the disability.  Some of the positive side that is related with the disability such it creates scope for the equality and the entire disabled person will achieve equality. Apart from that with the help of this act, it is possible to reduce the discrimination.
     According to  the  Act  it can be also  be suggested it creates different groups different  kind of negativity  such as  they fail  to produce  proper  function so that disabled  person  get  helps. Some time lack of knowledge and information can creates different kind of negativity.   
    Conclusion
    From the above discussion it can be constructed that Equality Act 2010 is one of the most  impatient Act which basically amended to reduce the discrimination  in  every  field and this  Act Provides equality for all the person and  especially for  the disabled person. Beside that from the discussion, it can also be suggest this Act can provide all the rights of the disabled persons.