With the advancement in technology there are no individuals who are deprived of basic internet as well as technological need. This has made people more and more dependent on machinery for their day to day activities as well as for entrainment. Due to this both young and adults are more engaged in various social sites sharing their personal information and daily updates. All these activities have also increased the cases of cybercrime, hacking, blackmailing, and cyberbullying. As per the reports every 1 in 5 Australian young and adults are reported of being socially threatened, abused, or excluded through online means (Jadambaa et al. 2019). Such activities are severely affecting the psychological health of people by putting them under unnecessary stress, worry, and pressure which is ultimately making them depressed as well as emotionally unstable. Due to this particular reason, cyberbullying is being a matter of concern for Australian citizens; the government has strict rules for such offense but then there some who are deprived of getting immediate help at the very early stage (Hellfeldt, López-Romero & Andershed, 2020). The major concern is for those victims who are unable to share their stressful events to anyone and keeping it to oneself rather than discussing out. Such individuals depending on other alternatives like, drugs and alcohol for coping up solutions which is actually making them even more unstable to think, decide or respond to incidents of cyberbullying. Such activities are increasing the cases of depression among the young and adults which is compelling them to neither keep any hope in life nor think positively. In addition, the number of suicide cases due to depression and the consumption of abusive substances are also increasing rapidly (Campbell & Bauman, 2018). The various originations, NGOs, community help groups are taking initiatives to reach out to such victims so as to provide them support as well as to help them cope with such a situation. However, the reach is way too far for some victims of cyberbullying as most of the victims avoid sharing their events to avoid further shaming and humiliation.
As per the research surveys, the rate of cyberbullying in Australia is on the rise with the cases suggesting more than one in three young people being bullied online. Among the age groups of 14-16 years old the reported cases of cyberbullying have been doubled in the last 12 months from 18% to 36%. However, the prevalence of bullying online has been significantly seen in teenagers between 17 and 19 years of age that includes 43% of young adults being the victims of online cyberbullying. These alarming numbers of increasing crimes were reveled recently by mental health origination Reach Out Australia (Campbell et al.2020). The survey was conducted by taking 1000 young people ranging from 14-25 years of age groups so as to uncover the bullying experienced by them and how it is affecting them. The result of the survey is undeniable, which clearly reveals how worst the cyberbullying is getting in Australia. As per the National bullying statistics showed by Reach Out in the year 2019, out of all the cases of bullying cases reported so far in Australia almost 25% happened online and about 65% occurred unidentified (Carlson & Frazer, 2018). They compel young and adults to take advanced steps, the problem arises when they are not able to share their issues with anyone and prefer suicide as the best solution or in any case an advanced dispersion from where recovery close to impossible. Such activities restrict the young and adults in communicating with others and severely damage their confidence by attacking their mental status. As per the report even the cases of depression among the young and adults taking its peak in Australia that coves almost 40 % of their total population suffering from depression due to cyberbullying (Campbell et al. 2017). And the expert claims that that the statists may raise in the coming years if proper management is not taken care of.
Emotion-focused coping style is a kind of stress management that attempts to reduce the negative emotional responses of an individual due to self-exposure to the stressor. Such a coping style could be very helpful for young and adults dealing with negative emotions such as fear, anxiety, aggression, depression, suicidal thoughts due to cyberbullying. In addition, it can be divided into three coping strategies which included; active coping, passive coping, and avoidance. The passive coping approaches like music therapy, discussion, combine activities, and making an individual indulge in the various activities could help them forget their stressful event which may further lighten their mood (Wolke, Lee & Guy, 2017). Avoidance, making the young and adults understand that they are not exposed to any sort of stressor or negative situations so as to change their behavior, perception, or emotional responses would be useful in cases where people are unstable to handle any more stress due to cyberbullying. And making them understand that only way out to such distressing events is to forget them or distract oneself and try to deal with other aspects of their life (Vanstone & Hicks, 2019). Besides, Emotion-focused coping can either be positive or negative. On a positive aspect it makes the victims clams themselves by talking or writing their emotions in assistance to various therapy, journaling, mindful mediations, or distracting oneself by engaging in other activities so as to keep oneself busy. On a negative aspect in a long run it makes people suppress their emotions instead of bursting it out, make people more ignorant as well as resistive to such stressful situations and may take the assistance of drugs or alcohol in order to avoid their dull emotions (Delahaij & Van Dam, 2017).
• Study the prevalence of cyberbullying on young and adults
• Psychological effect of cyberbullying on the health of young and adults
• Advancement in the utilization of technology by the people and its associated negative impacts Research question
Q1. How such an alarming rate of cyberbullying can be controlled in Australia?
H1: Cyberbullying could have increased due to young and adult indulging too much in social online platforms
H2: Cyberbullying may be the root cause of depression in young and adults of Cyberbullying
The research methods used here are of the complex set of techniques that have been applied for the collection of the data, assembling of the data, and in the evaluation of the data which further help in the research processes. All these tools and techniques have been utilized for the collection of specific information that was particularly needed in the research study.
For this particular research primary data collection method has been used as taking the in-person survey, interviews are more advantageous so as to analyze and evaluate the personal experience of the individuals who have or are suffering from such criminal offenses in Australia.
Random sampling technique was the most suitable sampling approach for this particular research as it includes two section adults and young citizens of Australia, the technique ensured that there no bias based on the gender, caste, creed or orientation of the participants
The participants were psychology students of the Australian university who were randomly asked to take part in the survey within the premises of the university
For the analysis of the data quantitative method has been applied. For a successful quantitative analysis, the survey was conducted for the statistical result of the research.
The primary data that were collected for this research study consisted of 120 respondents. Out of 120 psychology student respondents, there were 63.6% male and 36.4% were female of Australian University (Morin, Bradshaw & Kush, 2018). The age groups included; 12-18, 19-25, 26-33, and above. The majority of the data was recorded from 19-25 age groups.
As per the survey collected through random participation, the result clearly shows that cyberbullying has significantly affected their mental status by making them feel distressed at times. The participants also complained that often they had the feeling their thought were being controlled by someone else making them unable to think clearly, making them disconnected and incapable of handling their emotional outbursts which clearly indicates that they were already suffering from depression.
Out of many options available in the questioner, the following are some of the most often used coping strategies that are taken up by the participants which are all interlinked for making them the victim of depression. The concern arises for those who are not able to discuss or share their issues with anyone and take the help of abusive substance as an alternative to calm oneself but such an act is making them more and more unstable, mentally unstable, and emotionally weak.
As discusses earlier Cyberbullying is becoming one of the major concerns for the teachers, parents as well as the Australian government as it is making the young and adults more stressed and depressed which is severely affecting their psychological development. The research is an outline of the growing cases of cyberbullying in Australia and how it is affecting the psychological status of the population. The research further aims to discuss how people are getting distracted in other unhealthy ways so as to cope up with their stress and difficulties instead of seeking help from others or sharing their problems with their parents, friends or close ones.
The research study indicates that the prevalence of cyberbullying in Australia is becoming a major concern as most of the young and adults are becoming the victims of it. Further, the advancement in technology has increased the number of cases related to cyberbullying as it is making the young and adults more and more exposed to various online platforms. Besides, controlling their activities is not easy, this puts the officials in pressure to come out with better solution plans to protect the young and adults from being the victims of cyberbullying. Activities such as cyberbullying not just break a person emotionally but it also makes the person psychologically unstable and making anyone incapable to think, decide, or work in harmony. The research also clearly covers up every aspect of the research question as well as resolves the hypothesis so formed.
After the evaluation of each aspect of the research above, it is quite obvious that cyberbullying is one root cause for the prevalence of depression in young and adults in Australia. Furthermore, it is also in a way pushing the young and adults to indulge themselves in various abusive substances that are not just affecting them physically but also making them psychologically unstable to think or respond (Kwan et al. 2020). The statistical data also ravels that most people avoid sharing the events to anyone instead they keep it to themselves exposing oneself to various negative emotional outbursts which are making them more stressed, aggressive, anxious, and depressed. It is the high time to take some major steps so as to control the cases of cyberbullying in Australia.
The research has tried to cover up every aspect of cyberbullying in Australia with the help of surveys and various statistical data but still, it lacks some portions that can be covered up further advanced research. Firstly, the survey reports or the data collected from the psychological students of the university limit the proofreading as it fails to collect data from the locals. Further the answers given by the participants could have been influenced or manipulated by their friends or fellow parents so it fails the authentication. In addition, the research could have been more widely circulated to others via online mode or in-person interviews as it could have given more depth to the end result of the statistical analysis. Lastly, the research is limited to a section of the group within Australia which would have better chances to expand through other categories like; office workers, college-going teenagers, and many.
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