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# Breakeven Analysis Assignment Help

## Example

### Breakeven point

The breakeven point for a company is the sales volume which will give the company a profit of £nil. If sales exceed the breakeven point (BEP) the company will make a profit. Breakeven analysis is often referred to as cost-volume-profit analysis.

### Assumption

We will assume that selling price per unit, variable cost per unit and fixed costs are all constant. Sales revenue and total costs will therefore both be linear.

### At the break-even point (BEP) the total revenue and total sales are equal

If we call volume V then total revenue at the BEP will be price (or revenue per unit) x V.

Total costs = Fixed costs + (variable cost p.u. x V)

### Contribution

Accountants give the difference between the selling price per unit and variable cost per unit a special name – contribution. This is because it contributes towards covering the fixed costs.

So we can write the equation such that at the break-even point:

Example: ABC Co

ABC has the following information, relating to Product X, its only product:

Selling price  £300 p.u.

Variable cost  £160 p.u.

Fixed costs p.a.  £140,000

### What is the BEP?

If the plan is to produce and sell 1,200 units, what is the margin of safety? The margin of safety is the number of units above BEP expressed as a percentage of expected sales volume. In this case it would be:

### Limiting Factors

In a situation where resources are scare, the scarce resource (limiting factor) should be used to produce the product that has the highest contribution per unit of limiting factor.

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