a. The particular journal article has been published under the authority of Australian government that depicts the usage of public transports by the population of NSW (audit.nsw.gov.au, 2018). The article includes elaborate description using various figures, graphs, and charts about the usage of public transports within the national premises of NSW. Various data has been collected from the governmental bodies that are associated with the public transport of NSW.
b. The data that are included within the Datasheet 1 are primary data as they are numeric figures related to the transportation records that are recorded as a subset of “Open tap on and off Tap off location- 8th to 14th August”. Within the particular datasheet, there are variables namely, mode, date, tap, loc, and count. Each of the variables is significant for the particular study as follows: ‘mode’ variable is used to record the type of public transport. ‘Date’ records the date of the tap on/off action held. ‘Tap’ records on/off status of the tap. ‘Loc’ records the locations at which the public transports have halted, and ‘count’ records the total frequency of taps on particular date and locations.
c. The data has been collected in order to find out the what are the preferred mode of transport for the overall population of New South Wales, so that the responsible analysts is able to coin out specific recommendations for the public transport system of NSW. Two questions are conducted to ensure the frequency of passengers and their choices of transport. There were no kind of biasness while collecting and analysing the data recorded from the selected samples.
Bus was the most frequently used mode of transport within the period 8th to 14thAugust 2016. From the table below, it can be said that there were 479 taps recorded for bus and that for train is equal to 453 taps.
Table 1: Frequency of public transports used
Table 2: Estimation for constructing Underground Railway
Table 3: Hypothesis test using ANOVA
From the above figure 3, it can be said that there are only thirteen trains in total, which covers Parramatta, Bankstown or Gosford to central. Therefore, it is not feasible to build an underground railway for the particular purpose.
In order to find whether there is a preference between different genders in contrast to their choices of transport, a survey has been conducted among a randomly selected 100 passengers residing within New South Wales.
Table 4: Gender Specification
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