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Any organization or company cannot build   any good working professional without the help of effective human resource. Human  resource management is the  key principle  for making   proper  growth of the business because without  the help of  HRM  it  is not  possible  for   any organization to recruit  efficient worker. Apart from that for providing training and to   motivate the employees HRM plays the major role.  Organization like  IBM  is one of the leading IT  industry therefore  it  is  very  important for the organization to  recruit  efficient  professionals for  the organization who can  perform as per the  requirement therefore from that   point of  view  HR  team of IBM plays  major roles  to  increase  the  effectiveness and  efficiency of the organization.
The thesis statement of the study is to analyse the effectiveness of HRM so that efficiency of the workplace can be enhanced further.
HRM contribution to increase the efficiency 
In order to  run the organization  properly and to maintain the  business  growth the  HRM  team provide various kind  of  support which will  help  the organization to increase their efficiency.
Recruiting and training 
This can be considered as one of the major responsibility of the HRM team because after   recruiting all the efficient employees it is very important to train them properly so that they can perform their job properly.  Most of the case the HRM team of any organization comes with a proper strategy and specific plan for hiring most efficient candidate. Therefore  the  HRM team organize the  whole  recruiting criteria  according  to the strategy so that they can  recruit  the best candidate  among all of them (Jackson, Schuler & Jiang, 2014). Another  most important responsibilities  of  the  HRM team is formulating all the obligation of the candidate and explain all the scope and advantage of  the job  that  are specifically assign to the  selected  candidate .
 All the HRM team of IBM also performs in same way. Since it is a core  IT  company   therefore the  HRM  team  maintain the strategies as per  the  requirements.  Recruiting  for  post  of  the  web developer the  HRM  team of  IBM  generally  focuses on the developing part. In other cases  for the  post of  software developer  they  focus on the computer languages because without  computer language proficiency  it is not  possible to perform any software  related  job.  
Performance appraisal 
Another positive approaches  that  are  performed  by  the  HRM team of an  organization is  to encourage  all the worker or employees  who  are  working on that  organization. Apart from that they also give suggestion to the workers to make their performance more specific and help them to improve their performance. Most of the  cases HRM  team communicate with the  workers individually and  give them necessary information as  per  the requirements this kind  of  approaches  motivate the  worker and  if  the  workers get  motivated  then automatically the  workflow  of  any  organization will  increase. As a result it will provide proper business growth.  In this way by giving proper appropriation the HRM team actually contributed to the organization, 
In case of  IBM  the HRM  team also appreciate and encourage  their employees and as per performance basis they also give their employees rewards  and proper promotion. In this way they also motivate   their employees and at the same time maintain the proper working environment in the respective organization. Healthy environment affect directly to the organization and it helps to develop the business sustainability (Budhwar & Debrah, 2013).
Maintain the healthy work atmosphere
It can  be consider as one of   the  vital aspect of  human resource management team  because  individuals  of   any particular organization  is highly driven by the appropriate work culture and work atmospheres that are maintained in the  workplace.  It is very obvious that a proper work atmosphere affect positively to the workers of the organization. As a result it helps the organisation to maintain the proper work flow of the organization (Bednall, Sanders  & Runhaar, 2014).
According to the HRM strategy of the IBM they focuses on this specific approach therefore the HRM team of the organization provides very healthy work culture for their employee. The HRM team of the IBM helps the employees to maintain the healthy relationship in between all the co-workers. It is  very important for any organization to  maintain  proper  co -ordination  in between all the worker help the organization  to  maintain their business growth.
Managing Disputes
In IBM, several issues may be arrives among the employees of the organization. So, human resource department helps the employees in these issues and acts as a mediator and consultant to overcome the problem in an effective way. The HR management gives them a sustainable solution to overcome issues (Renwick, Redman & Maguire, 2013). The HR management of IBM can take right actions to sort out the problems in the organization.
Developing Public Relations
A good HRM can establish a good public relation and this affects very much on the employees of the organization. The HR management develops business meetings, many official gatherings, seminars to develop the company’s growth. The business relationship with others business sectors must have also good relation in public. In many ways, the HR managers are involved in marketing plans and business plans for the organization. An organization cannot grow properly without a proper setup which the HRM identifies. So, an effective HRM must be present in all the business sectors of IBM.
HRM and its effectiveness
Human Resource Management has some important goals that are to increase the efficiency and performance of the organization. IBM is a multinational company whose HR management should be very effective. IBM provides huge opportunities to shine in future for the employees. This company spreads out the business in such a way that global careers can be developed. The human resource practices are very important to obtain the advantage of the organization. There are some outcomes available as follows:
Financial outcomes: It includes profits, market share, net margin etc
HR outcomes: It includes employee’s attitudes, employee’s behavior etc
Organizational outcomes: It includes productivity, efficiency, client satisfaction, quality 
Effectively of the Human resource management team in the organization (IBM)
IBM is a large and expanded organization running international business throughout the world. As stated by Armstrong & Taylor (2014), the productivity and outputs of the organization is based on several functional departments and sector. One of the largest contributors in the effectiveness is the human resource management. The human resource management (HRM) sector is the brain of the organization. They HRM make business effective for the company in several ways. 
They act as a guiding head to the new comers in the organization and also others. The HRM provides the company with the rightly analyzed ideology about the new hires. An in depth research and predictions on a new hire is conducted by the HRM, so that the organization experiences more stable and standard quality employees. It also helps to reduce attrition rates for the company. Apart from that some of the productive contributions are,
Cost cutting for organization with advanced strategies during training
The training cost in a well-known multinational company like IBM, is high and involves other expenditures like, lab providing, projector, infrastructure, training tools and electricity cost. As per Sparrow, Brewster & Chung (2016), the HRM works in regards of effective calculation, metrics and advanced ideas to help in cost cutting for the organization. 
Employee retention for gaining appropriate business outcomes
It is a huge loss for the company if the employees are not retained after such facilitation and training. The company does not receive any outcome from the employee in order to cover up for the business. The HRM takes complete responsibility to educate the employee, answering to their respective queries and providing them with valuable advices and updates to strengthen their horizons.
Providing resolution to internal conflicts
The HRM also portrays tactful diplomatic suggestions and comes up with regulations to resolve unnecessary conflicts between the employees. Any complaints or conflicts are forwarded to this particular department to get better results. According to Brewster et al. (2016), they are the neutral team to consider the issues of either parties or solving complication affecting the workflow and image of the organization with helpful strategies. 
The HRM provides the company with stability security in different aspects but mainly focus on employee screening and security. IBM has a number of departments and the bases of which are purely based on the human resource team. The most important factor is the organization helps to choose the right employees, who shall be building the future of the company in the long run. 
However, the HRM also helps the company to be more effective in terms of rules and policies. They are the front face to provide the rest of the mass with a clear idea about the image of the policies of the company, by which the huge multinational companies like IBM, can maintain a standard corporate reputation in the competitive market
HRM theory and concept that that increase the efficiency and effectiveness
Contextual model of HRM
According to the concept  go  the conceptual model the  HRM team of  any  organization focused  on the  environmental factor that  provide Hugh impact over any  organization. That entire environmental factor such social influence, political and   institutional   factors. Apart from that another most important factor that is attached in this model is the contingency variables. At  the same time  it  is  broader approach and   set  of  huge amount  of stakeholders  also associate with  the  human resource  management team. 
In  case  of  IBM  the  HRM  team of  the organization also imply  this  model  as because  with   the  help  this model the  respective organization  also can understand  all the   political and  environmental factor that makes positive and  negative impacts over the organization (Keohane  & Olmstead, 2016). With the   help  this kind of  model the  HRM  team of IBM also  identify all the critical factor  that  can hamper the business growth  and according  to the circumstance  they  also  imply proper  policy and  strategy that  helps  to  increase the efficiency of the organization.
Motivation model 
Employee motivation is  another   responsibilities  of  the  HRM   team  of  any  organization and   it  is directly  connected with  the efficiency level of  the organization. In  order  to motivate try  all the  employee  the  HRM team  of  any organization provide motivational speech , healthy  work culture,  proper increment in salary and  time to time  promotion.  Some time it can  be  seen  that  the 
 workers of any organization get  demotivate  and it  can happen  from  various reasons. Such as  excessive work  pressure ,  lack  of  job security  improper   working  environment  and  many more. If this kind of condition is available in the internal side of the organization then it will directly affect the workers and the efficiency of organization get down. Hence, to avoid the condition the  motivational theory is introduced and  according  to the concept all  the  HRM team of  any  organization  plays  major  role to  motivate  the workers (Tung, 2016). 
 In case of the HRM  team  of  the IBM  also imply various technique to  motivate  the  employees of  their organization . Apart  from the  promotion and  salary  increment the organization also provide healthy relation  in between  higher authority and staff  there  for it actually motivate the  employees  and  attract them  towards  the  work . In this way   HRM increase the efficiency of bay organization.
 From the above discussion  it can  be constructed  that  without   HRM  policy it is  not  possible for  any  organization to  improve the business  growth  and the same  time it is also not  possible to  increase the efficiency and effectiveness  of any  organization. From the above discussion it can also be discussed that the HRM team of any organization to help the organization in various aspect.  From the discussion it  can  also be constructed that  in which  order the HRM team  of  any  organization train the  selected employees and provide them proper working  environment. Apart from that from that appreciation of the employee is another approaches that are provided by them team.  From the discussion it can also be discussed the motivation theory and contextual a model is both positive approaches that provide positive impact over any organization and increase the efficiency level of any organization.
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