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NETWORK TECHNOLOGIES

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Introduction:

This assignment is based on the concept of networking technologies, which need to be implemented within a new premise of Beta communication Limited. This company works on the platform of telecommunication, which deals with telecom products for the niche market. Moreover, this assignment can help the learner to understand the standard and the models which are associated with the networking technologies. The aim of this assignment is to give a background to the basic components of the networked system through which the entire networking operations can derive. Furthermore, this company has the different building; each building has different department and every different have various requirements on the basis of the network along with the applications of the networking.

LO1: Understanding the principles of networking

Task 1:

A.C 1.1 Discuss the benefits and constraints of different networking systems, types and topologies. Analyze and clearly identify the requirements of the systems for this network in order to convince the management of the given case study company[t1] 

According to a network consultant, there are various benefits of the networking system, which can help the Beta communication Limited to fulfill the requirements of the different building of this company. Those benefits are given below:

                File sharing: After implementation of LAN within the 1st, 2nd and 3rd building of this company, this networking system can offer a quick and easy way for sharing their large volume data or files directly. According to Varnelis (2012, p.90), has stated that as this company has three buildings, therefore, using a disk or USB from one building to another for sharing their files can consume a lot of time.

                Security: As a network consultant, it can be said that security can be one of the most important aspects of having networking technologies within any building or office. The first building of this company need to have the Web server and File Transfer Protocol or FTP for storing purpose of application and data, therefore, they require a secured platform. That password can limit the authorization of the file, that is, it gives protection by limiting the access to the authorized users (Tropper, 2014, p.19).

                Management and cost of software:  This Company can load the software on only on the file server, which can save the time as compared to install and track the files on the independent computers. According to Barnaghiet al. (2012, p.20), the frontline support requires high power workstation, whereas, the NI manager requires powerful PC for checking the status of MIS (Management Information System).

According to Menonet al. (2012, p.75) implementation of LAN can also possess some of the constraints, which can affect the limited budget of this company; those constraints are given below;

Constraints of the proposed technology:

Privacy Violations: The LAN administrator for this company has the right for checking the personal data or files for each user of this technology (Tropper, 2014, p.19). Data security threats: It is serious constraint for the company. Unauthorized users have the power for accessing the important files or data of this organization. Therefore, it needs to be centralized by the administrator.

Job for LAN maintenance: Lack of LAN administrator is a highly disadvantage for the company. In order to maintain the LAN technology, this company needs to appoint a LAN administrator due to any problem occurs for software installation or any hardware failure, or any disturbance occurs due to cable (Menonet al. 2012, p.75).

Costly: As this company’s 1st line support department requires file transfer protocol for storing the data and application, therefore, this is highly expensive in order to maintain the software to run effectively.

Time consuming: It has also been recorded to be more time consuming for maintaining the software. The user or the admin want to upload any file on the website, they need the host address, username or password for further proceedings.(Refer to appendix 5)

 

Network Types

Advantages

Disadvantages

Personal Area Network (PAN)

Since it is restricted to certain devices, it enables safer transfer and storage of data. This provides safety of trade secrets for an organisation. This makes it very much lucrative and handy.

  • The network is highly dependent upon connection and radio bands. Thus if there is connection problems, it leads to slow data transfer.
  • The distance for transfer is rather limited, further adding to the limitation of PAN.

Local Area Network (LAN)

  • LAN network performs better than PAN networks, adding to the better customer services in the organisation
  • The easy and cheap way of communication further adds to the sharing of internet, increasing the performance of the user
  • The use of centralized data, along with resource and data sharing add to the security of data for the organisation.
  • Despite better security than PAN network, safety level is not that high, leading to chances of breach of data
  • Investment cost is high. Moreover, peer to peer cluster depends on hotspot basis where main system in the organisation has to be on for internet sharing.

Wide Area Network (WAN)

  • Organisations use WAN network to enhance their IT infrastructure which in turn, provides the company with a main pool of resources for tapping for each work allocated
  • the low level of security in LAN network is overcome in this network by boosting the privacy of information and trade secrets of the company
  • It helps in cost reduction. This in turn enables the company to increase their profit outcome
  • The cost of setting up a WAN network is a major issue, since even though the network enables cost management, setup cost is high since the organisation also needs to harness data from remote areas
  • The level of security due to SSL traffic is an utmost matter of concern since, some organisations do not have trained personnel who can compress files and overcome issue of data breach
  • The use of this network type raises the issue of maintenance since it is being used on a 24x7 basis.

Metropolitan Area Network (MAN)

  • Since a wider area is accessed lots of data can be accessed quickly, which benefits the user
  • It even enables data sharing just like in the case of LAN networking. This enables a centralized management of data and resources by the company, seeing to the management and tapping of data.
  • Since it is connected through hotspot and public networking, it is dependent on main server for its connection. Thus if not available, it can lead to problems in accessing data.
  • Data storage is an issue here. since the data stored is on a terminal basis, permission has to be given from user to again access and store data

Cloud Network

  • Cloud computing enables unlimited data storage. This allows company to update as much data as possible, as well as backup and recover the data
  • This network is available at cheaper rates, making it cost effective enabling company to achieve its profit maximization goal.
  • it enables easier and quicker accessibility of data resources
  • Technical issues such as good internet maintenance issues. such matters provide problems in logging and accessibility of data resources for the company
  • The lack of maintenance leads to security issues, which could leak out the trade secrets of the organisation, threatening its position in the market
  • since security is an issue here, the use of such network leads the network and its connected devices to be prone to attack, thus even leading to loss of data by the company

 Table 1: Merits and Demerits of Network Types

(Source: Created by Author) 

A.C 1.2 Evaluate the impact of current technology, communication and standards for the given case study company[t2] 

This company is based on the telecommunication and deals with the telecom products, therefore, the implementation of the LAN technology can highly impact the way of their working and business (Refer to Appendix 1). This network technology can help the network consultant for adding or moving workstation in an ease way, as the Front Line support belonging to the 1st building of this company need to have high work PowerStation.

The company can have an impact of LAN as costs savings by the multiple users of the infrastructure. Furthermore, the LAN can also affect the communication within the building of this company (Giannoulis et al. 2012, p.35).

This can make the transmission of this company’s business information more easy, efficient and less expensive as compared to not having LAN with their new premise. With the help of LAN, the standard of this company can ultimately be raised because; this can ensure that the hardware and the software which is being distributed among the buildings of this company can work together. According to Sydney et al. (2013, p.767), has stated that without the standard of the network, this can be difficult for developing the network for this company which can share the information.

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