Manageitieiit is a crucial part of running an organization Here in this study » e look at the basic concepts and principles of management of an organization. its functions within the organization. We also take a look at some external factors that influence the management and the challenges that it faces
Basic concepts, principles and theories of Management
An organization rna› implement a specific ti pe or a combination of multiple management theories according to their specific needs. Some of the most commonly used theories are as follows’
Contingency Theos: Organisation that makes use of this theory’ makes sure that the manager makes decisions according to the situation at hand.According to Casterline & Snrder (2014). The› take in on the fit approach rather than sticking to n particular plain
Systems Theos: Organisations that use this on does a specific job in a specific order, They did their workforce into multiple stems that do a specific part of an». The systems ii work together in collaboration to reach the collnboratii’c goal.
Chaos Theory: Organisations that foIIo» the chaostlieoy recognize the constant change in factors that infl@ncc internal and external structure of the organization, Instead of trying to control these changes. these organizations ty’ to adapt to the changes by increasing the complexity and structure of the organization.
Modern inanngGlncnt systems follow’ 14 fundamental principles imposed by Henri Furol as a guideline. Follow 'ing is a brief description of some of these principles.
Discussion of work: work is decided to specific » or groups specialized in different areas of expertise
Authority anal responsibility: An organization’s management has the authority to gis e orders to the ii workforce in order to get things done
Discipline: Discipline and obedience is necessary to keep a good conduct
Unity of Commanil: Multiple managers must liar e unity in their commands to avoid confusion ii within the ii workgroups.
Unit› of Direction: In an organization, multiple employ ccs doing same actins can hut common objective These employees can be categorized in a group or a tea iii A specific team needs to follows a specific plan of action to get the expected results
Subordination of individual interests: As proposed bj Dcnguc (2017). Personal interests arc subordinate to the interests and ethics of an organization.
Basic Management Functions
An organization has four basic management functions, are
Planning: According to Anderson ct of. (2015). the managers of an organization must plan the future goals and visions of an organization. They should be aware of the challenges that the organization might face and how to overcome them They Iiai’e to create a roadmap for the organization and is sure the employees stick to the guidelines.
Organizing: Managers organize the overload and the » workforce into specific categories and assign different teams to different u work fields according to their skill They u will also produce a structured plan of action to achieve a certain goal.
Leaving: A manager must be influential and con income. According to Geppert. Matten & Williams (2010). an influential manager can change the perspective e of the employees keeping their morale high, thus increasing productivity A strong leader ensures that the employees follow’ orders and disputes are resolved quickly
Controlling: Controlling function in management is old es identification of decorations from
the standard code of conduct of an organization and taking corrective actions. Controlling plays a major part in deciding the remuneration of the employees by analyzing their work. It also includes measuring requirements needed to achieve a gis en goal and the fulfillment of that goal
Effects of external environmental factors on managerial decisions
To ensure the overall productivity and growth of an organization the management must consider some external factors that URL:
Political: The political factors include foreign trade policies and political stability among others. The management of an organization deals ii ith political legislations by adjusting their internal policies accordingly.
Economy: Market fluctuations cause the price of goods to rise and fall National currency aliens can also be an influencing factor for multinational organizations. The management of such organizations controls the turnover and calculates appropriate expenditures
Social: Social factors mainly deal ii with the social cm ironman of the interaction. The managerial team let images variables like trends, population analytics to ensure high productivity.
Technological: The management of an organization copes » with the rapid change of the technological landscape by figuring out ne» and more efficient » aj s to produce and distribute products and see ices.
Environmental: End iroiuncntal factors include clients. ii catch and geographical location Thc management team are responsible for detecting cut ironmeiital changes and dealing » it such changes.
Legal: As stated by bi Cappclli & Kcllcr (2014). the legal factors arc general health and safety’ la» s. consumer rights etc. Thc managerial team has to deal » with tlic rules and regulations rclci’ant to their market to intake sure there are no legal infringements in their organization.
Communication: A manager is the one to provide directions to the employees. Clear and effective communication is crucial for the manager as u well as the entire team to ensure the success of any project.
Resolving Conflicts: Managers are always the ones to confront any issues. clashes or conflicts among the employees. The manager has to listen to both parties and formulate the most suitable solution for the problem.
Managing performance: Managers must be able to assess the performance of the employees and to balance their u workloads accordingly
Undefined goals: According to Karadag. (2015). if goals are not defined clearly the entire u workforce u will suffer The management has to set clear goals and regulations.
Resource deprivation: Employees must get appropriate resources to complete any task effectively and efficiently. The management team has to assign the correct resources to the employees or the entire project slots doc.
Management unifies the ii or worse and the resources together and streamlines the ii work process It increases the productivity of an organization b; improving its simple; ce moral and is work satisfaction Through this study it's apparent that the managers should be well trained in communication and problem-solving skills to effectively resolve problems and keep the ii workflows’ stable. They should also bc ii ’ell increased in political and legal topics that might be relevant to the organization.
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