Liquidation of a company is one of the drastic circumstances about its financial structure and growth. A company is brought to an end by redistributing the assets and properties. It also involves the dissolution of the company pertaining to its last stage. It throws light on the inability of the company to pay its debts and liability in the form of liquid assets. In this study, it will be seen that how ABC learning systems being a renowned child care learning in Australia collapsed dramatically and gets liquidated. Optus is the second largest company in the field of telephone in Australia telephonic company providing the broadband services and HH insurance is a company operating in the sector of insurance since 33 years. This insurance agency laid stress on the home renowned and commercial loans. All the events related to the liquidation of the company will be discussed and the financial stress pertaining to the ethical and governance terms will also be discussed.
Australia's largest child care company, ABC learning center appears to be on the brink of collapse (Voss and Prewysz-Kwinto, 2015, p.13). It is almost certain to be placed under receivership after its failure in coming to an agreement with its bank syndicate. It owes a debt of over $1 billion to the bank. The company's increase in share by 70% this financial year marked an up liftmen in the profit. Even after this, the company's auditors were not being able to cope up with the accounts of the company. The company owes $500 billion to the Commonwealth Bank. For this reason, the turn around a plan of ABC was rejected by the bank syndicate. The company was unable to pay its debts and liabilities in the form of liquid assets (Almandoz and Tilcsik, 2016, p.100). There are many events in the form of issues that led to this downfall of ABC learning center
ABC's acquisition's resulted in the credentials of licenses of child care operation centers and large amounts of goodwill. These two formed the intangible assets of the company. In the beginning of the ficial institution.
The total liability of ABC remained constant between June and December in the financial year of 2007. However, in December 2007, a whipping amount of A$1.1 billion was reported through reclassification from current to noncurrent liabilities. This happened due to refinancing. The lenders of ABC involved many leading banks. On June 13, 2007, a multi-optioned bank facility was opted by ABC learning amounting to A$1.48 billion (governanceforstakeholders.com, 2017). Due to the reason of one-off charges, the profit of the company fell by 42 percent and a financial breach of debt amounting to A$1.54 billion was recorded. As the company was in trouble the debts from banks and other investors dried up (Morgeson, et al., 2016, p.150). It led to the domino effect. Long-term breaching of the debts and liabilities proved to be costly for ABC learning since the value of the debts got increased. Breaching of the debt covenant became one of the major events of the liquidation of ABC. The debt in the telephonic company is required for making the networking strong and in HH insurance company for the allocating the insured rate.
ABC learning could not generate enough cash flows relating to its operational functions. It couldn't pay interests, salaries, dividends, and suppliers. Although the company showed a constant increase in the profit from the various sectors, still it had negative operating cash flows. Plantation of the share price led to the selling of 5.6 percent of company's shares in order to meet margin calls (Bauer, 2015, p.1000). The SingTel Optus in its market got flooded with shares and this plumbed the shares further. The pledged shares were being forcefully shared and this caused a huge impact on the financial growth of the company. The HH insurance got competition among the various market factors and thus the company faced the downfall in the market. It triggered breaches in the debt covenants and thus led to the downfall of the company.
Corporate governance has emerged as a beneficiary element pertaining to the academic discipline. It brings down contributions from the finance, accounting, management, and law. It gives a comprehensive and a disciplinary approach the management of the companies. On the other hand business ethics is the form of applied ethics. It refers to the application of ethical terms and moral terms in the business. It involves all the principles and standards that guide the behavioral part of the business. It helps in balancing the desire to make profits as well as maintaining a good relationship with the stakeholders (Djupdal and Westhead, 2015, p.150). This involves tradeoffs. It has a pretty wide coverage relating to the norms of the business and the employees. The business ethics and corporate governance go hand in hand. Due to the display of wrong information to the Australian government by both the external auditors in the name of Pitcher Partners as well as the internal auditors the company was in a dileema. The formation of a large number of intangible assets led to the failure of valuation of each and every asset (McCahery, Sautner and Starks, 2016, p.2000). The SingTel Optus is a networking organization that follows good business ethics indirectly follows the best corporate governance laws. The corporate governance is a set of rules that will come from within the company. The HH insurance involves the ethical running of a company such that all the creditors, customers, distributors and the other stakeholders are dealt in a fair manner. In order to compete for share, ABC learning gained its own internal strength pertaining to the strength of the human resource and the goodwill of its stakeholders.
Sustainability of the Ethics and Governance framework
According to Armstrong, et al., (2015, p. 15), the initiative guidelines for global reporting includes two strategies the standard guideline and the ESG metrics.
The standard guideline is the framework that aims at enabling the members of the business to access the effect of the business unwanted function harming the environment and maintain the activities of the company. The performance of the business includes the protocol regarding the energy emission and biodiversity criteria of the environment.
Corporate responsibility- The governance of the corporation has been introduced as the academic principle by its rights, accumulating the accounting principle management and business laws. It refers to completing the responsibility related to the limitation and obligation underlined by the company towards the stakeholder. The examination of profit and its impact on the economy of the company is to be examined. This helps the company in comparing between the stakeholder and the limitation of the business regulation. The sustainability of the ethical governance is based on the economic, social and cultural responsibility of the business. The conceptual framework could be recognized if the policies led by the government. The ABC learning is unable to hold this responsibility thus the protection to the economic market was not sustained at cost. The investors of the ABC learning were declined due to the damage of environment and profit maximization is decreased (Armstrong, et al., 2015, p. 15).
Corporate social responsibility- The activities related to charity and societies is needed to be recognized by the corporate where it is locating and working. It is correlated with the tactics of community and business. The business operating within the region is sustainable only if the local member is getting employees or it is benefiting the community. The ABC learning failed to achieve this responsibility. The company tries to the employee the professional for their benefits which ruin the community interest where the business is facilitating. This company might look at the factories for sustaining into the jurisdiction of the employed the executive.
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