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Political Science Assignment Help | Political Science Definition

Studying political science gives the students strength with a deep understanding of the spread of political powers. Political science also teaches a person in ways in which different types of government are related to one country, working with government systems of other countries and negotiating. In this field of study, students teach the process of making rules and strengthening them. If they choose political, there is a lot of potential for students In science as a field of science studies, he has numerous career options, if he is well-versed in political science. Taking advantage of political science assignment, help from ozpaperhelp.com is the best way to get excellent marks in their tests and to climb the ladder of success in the field of political science.

Scope of Political Science

Students can either go to law or become legal assistant or they can take government jobs, which can plan the city from the legislature if they score well in their political science work and they are awarded the degree. is. A student is also free to explore possibilities in business areas by trying career choices in ad areas, Public Relations and Banking Studying political science also makes the student eligible for career in journalism because he can report on international and domestic policies as a political correspondent.

Therefore, we see that career prospects are endless with political science and students are very much hoping for this area and going along with good hopes. ozpaperhelp.com is the only online political science assignment help website that can provide you with all the solutions for your political science work.

What is Political Science?

By definition, politics is focused on the study of science governments, the creation of public policies, the details of political systems and processes, and political behavior (Subtler and Weber 2014). Aristotle considered political science as the lord of all science. This is because political science affects every aspect of social Human effort is to study the science of political science; it helps us to understand politics. If a person has a decent understanding in a particular field, then it is likely to use it in a manner that works in that manner.

Political science evaluates the factors related to justice, peace, public health, material wealth and sustainability (Haywood 2012) and measures the government's successes and failures, including its policies. Politicians, journalists, and special interest groups are able to analyze political issues with the help of basic infrastructure provided by political issues.

Political Science: Important Concepts and Terms

Abdication:

When a person leaves his position with his throne or government in power so that the situation is completely empty, or succeeded by the person who was first elected, which is called abdication. It means that in power a person has nothing to do with the previous situation. Nonviolence is a permanent and voluntary return from the status of a King or Public Officer (Clark and Prima 2012).

Absolute Monarchy:

The full monarchy indicates that the last authority to govern the state was in the hands of the monarchy or the king who ruled the country with divine authority. Divine right shows that the King has been given his position by the highest authority Anderson 2012). The King is entitled to take care of the following areas: tax, administration, foreign policy and justice. Bossuet believed that God gave governments the responsibility to help humanity in the way they live. The power of kings and queens was unconditional, because God had given them authority. The full monarchy is different from the limited monarchy, where it does not share its power with anyone, in case of limited monarchy where the government has to share rights with other governing bodies.

Bureaucracy:

Bureaucracy is a form of government in which state officials make the most important decision instead of elected representatives by the people. The most important feature of bureaucracy is clear hierarchy (Jackson and Sørensen 2015). This means that each person is assigned a certain task or responsibility in the series, and then the next level is looked after by the higher authority.

Top management is the highest authority for which the lower subordinates are liable. A well-defined set of formal rules is a feature of bureaucracy, where clear instructions are given to workers in each level of the hierarchy.

Citizen:

According to Aristotle, a person who actively participates in administrative affairs of the state is a citizen. However, there is a big difference between the ancient and contemporary definitions of citizenship. The entire population of the state can not participate in the activities of the state government (Love and Case 2012). Therefore, as Professor Laski has suggested, a citizen is a person who is kind to gloating and in return, enjoys all its benefits.

In essence, a citizen is a person who lives permanently in the state, is responsible for the state, desires the welfare of the state and enjoys all the social and political rights given by the state.

Constitution:

A constitution is a structural framework in which a set of special fundamental principles related to the rule of the state is defined.

The United Kingdom Constitution defines the relationship between the state and the person, the judiciary and the executive. There is an unknown or uncertain constitution in the United Kingdom, which means that there is no document

Of the Constitution It is included in various documents within the functions of the authorization, methods, treaty and court decisions.

The Commonwealth of Australia works under the Constitution of Australia. There are several documents in this constitution. During 1898-19 00, the Australian colonies approved the constitution in a series of referendum, and finally the final draft was enacted as the Commonwealth of Australia Constitution Act 1900.

The Constitution of the United States is the supreme law of its constitution. Initially it included seven articles, which defined the government's national structure (Haywood 2012). The Constitution of the United States has been modified twelve times since its inception in 1789.

Imperialism:

Imperialism, in simple words, means to rule over a vast area. It is a policy related to the use of power with the influence of the country and the military force, colonization and other political instruments (Frederiksen et al. 2015). Many scholars believe that imperialism has played a major role in shaping the contemporary world, allowing faster spread of ideas and technologies among the countries of the world.

Separation of Powers:

The model of separation of powers, developed in Greece, incorporates the division of the state government into three branches, each has a specific responsibilities and independent powers so that the authority does not focus on a small group of people (Shafititz et al. Ho. ). The branches are executive, legislative, and judiciary. It also provides check and balance arrangements within the state.

Legislature:

A legislature is an assembly with a right to make laws for a city or country. They are an important component of the government. In the system of separating powers, often a legislature is kept in opposition to the executive and judicial branches of the government.

Executive:

The executive branch of the government has been given the responsibility of executing the laws made by the legislature. To prevent the concentration of power within a small group of people, the system of separating powers has come into being. It is important to note that Does not explain executive laws and pass them on. They ensure that laws have been implemented according to the legislature and advised by the judiciary (2014 from Wald and Kail).

Judiciary:

The judiciary is the third branch of the government, which interprets the law and applies it to the name of the state. The Judiciary also addresses disputes within the state (Porter 2014). The judiciary has the power to modify or alter the laws through the procedure known as judicial review.

Republic:

There is a form of the Republic government where civil activities are concerned, which will result in benefits rather than the benefit of the government or the King (Me lush 2015). In the Republican faith, the United States Constitution has shaped a large scale. Often, in a pure democracy, there is no tool to examine the interests of the weaker sections of the people, which results in unrest and danger. The concept of republics is based on a balanced constitution, in which the government receives its power from the majority and the administrators keep their offices in their "good" behavior.

Political Science-Sub Disciplines

Comparative Politics:

Based on the comparative method, this discipline of political science can be classified as a scientific approach. To say this differently, comparative politics is the study of political institutions, domestic politics, and disputes between other countries. It usually involves comparing political scenarios between different countries and ultimately involved in the framework Patterns of Difference and Equality (Shafititz et al., 2015). To make it simple, we can say that comparative politics does not focus on the object of the study, but rather focuses on the methods applicable to evaluate political events.

International Political Economy:

This discipline of political science evaluates international relations and economics. It can be considered as an interdisciplinary field, which is influenced by various educational branches such as history, sociology, cultural studies and economics. There are four different ideas related to the International Political Economy (Porter 2014). Liberal theorists believe that personal powers should enjoy complete independence, even if it hinders the government or the freedom of public power.

Realistic Appreciation applauds and accepts the power of private markets, but they also believe in government regulatory controls.
On the other hand, the Marxist idea is that the government should use strong public powers on private markets to give a big benefit to the population.

The creative idea is that economic interaction between countries is not free of value and economic and political institutions are very much influenced by economic activity.

International Relations:

This area of ​​political science can be understood as the branch of the international political economy described above or it can be considered as a separate discipline. It is a very popular area among political science among the students. They choose comprehensive courses in Humanities and Social Science subjects (Muleush 2015). International relations take great inspiration from fields such as economics, technology, engineering, demography, international law, psychology, sociology, and comparative religion.

Political philosophy:

Political philosophy is the study of politics and related topics like property, rights, justice, law and freedom. It indicates a specific ethical or general view of political ideologies and beliefs, which has become synonymous with the concept of political ideology. Many scholars consider political philosophy as the sub-branch of the political branch of political philosophy.

Public Administration:

This branch of political science deals with the creation of government policies and other academic disciplines, which focus on the implementation of these policies. This branch of political science is Citizen is also concerned about the preparation of individuals in the form of employees who will work as public service employees (Wald and Calhoun 2014). Public administration revolves around the implementation of public policies as well as the conduct of those officers who are responsible for their behavior.

Public Law:

Public law is a component of law, which focuses on relations between government and individuals and relationships, which can directly affect members of the society (Frederickson et al. 2015). This branch of political science includes administrative law, constitutional law, procedural law, criminal law as well as tax law.
According to public laws, the government is bound to abide by the law. For example, if a person is unhappy with the decision of a political authority, then he requests the court for a judicial review. There are also two sub-divisions, publican private rights in the rights. 

Political methodology:

This branch of political science deals with the quantitative instruments used to study politics. It is a combination of mathematics, statistics and formal theory. Contrary to the standard forms of research, political method is used for positive research. The concept of this sub-division of political science is similar to economics.

Difference between Nations, Countries, Governments and States

A state is a unit, which can be a sovereign of a region or region and that can be all citizens of that area. Universalism is the highest authority on a political entity. For example, we can say that the United States is sovereign in fifty states and other areas such as Guam and Puerto Rico.

One country can be called another word for the state. America can be called either state or country. it depends on Those people who use these two conditions in one another. However, in political science, and especially in international relations, the word 'state' is used in less ambiguous ways because the word can indicate many other things like rural environment.

The nation is another important word, which should be understood by the students of political science. A nation is included in a different Population of people related to each other by a common history, culture, or tradition, which live in a particular geographical area. It has been observed that contemporary states attempts to include the values ​​of the nation within the national boundaries. It is important to note that states (Laski 2014) are not included in all the nations. A government is a structure or a system through which a community or state is controlled. The word government can also be explained as a group of people who employ executive authority and executive authority on a community or state. In American English, the government is also known as the administration. Structurally, a government is involved Administrators, legislators and moderators. The government enforces state policies (Wezel 2014). It is also responsible for the implementation of these policies. The government has the ability to influence human activities in various important ways.

Since the country's governments have various official forms, it is easy to identify the government forms running in the country. For example, in the United States, a constitutional republic form of government operates, whereas on the other hand the influence of Socialist Socialist Republic in Soviet Union (Ratnapala et al. 2014) was effective. However, identification can also be difficult because of the large number of political structures or systems emerging due to socio-economic movements and then the names of their parties change after the related movements. By ensuring their strong relations with these movements, they can be understood as a type of government in themselves.

Political System of United States of America

Introduction:

The United States consists of fifty states and is a federal republic. The constitution was drafted in 1787, and the framers did not want any person or group to gain more control over the state, so they established a government system made up of different institutions, which are different between each other. Share the powers.

The government has three levels i.e. national, state and local, American citizens elect different officers to complete their responsibility in each officer. The government has been divided into three independent branches- executive, legislative and judiciary at the national level (Havarti and Tarring 2016). Each branch has its own specific responsibility to operate and operate through the rest of the system.

Legislative:

Article I of the American Constitution establishes the legislative branch of the government, which is bound by the responsibility of preparing national laws and revising the previous ones. This is done by the Congress, a body in which there is a double room or houses known as the Senate and the House of Representatives.

Congress:

Congress has the authority to control the federal taxation system, the right to reducing money, and the power to declare war on other countries. Before sending the most important work of Congress to the President, write, discuss and pass the bill.

Agencies:

Since Congress's work has become widespread and complicated for years, it is dependent on the help and advice of many agencies and a huge board employee (Excel Road 2015). The budget office in Congress has a team of experts in economics and statistics, which assist the legislature by providing sound and unbiased advice on various issues related to state laws and proposals.

Executive:

This branch of the government is responsible for applying the laws and regulations made by the executive branch of the U.S. government. Executive includes the number of President, Country Vice President, Cabinet and Independent Agencies. The US presidents lead the executive branch, who take care of the faithful performance of the laws. He is also responsible for the protection, protection and defense of the Constitution.

President:

The President, under the leadership of the executive branch of the U.S. government, is also the chief commander of the US military force. He is responsible or negotiated the international treaty, signing important bills related to the laws of the state and appointing people on posts in the cabinet, State ambassadors and jury members. Although the President has an important authority on the state, his powers are limited through check and the rest of the system.

Cabinet:

The cabinet is essentially made up of leaders of the president and fifteen executive departments - commerce, defense, agriculture, energy, education, human and health services, urban and housing development, homeland security etc. They should work together with the committees Congress, who are responsible for the creation of laws governing their budget and implementing the cabinet.

Judicial:

The judicial branch of the United States government has been given the responsibility to explain the laws prepared and passed by Congress. This includes the Supreme Court on top with other local federal courts. The judiciary has the power to declare the law unconstitutional if they think that these laws are violating the constitution. This is an important role of judiciary in the American Constitution.

Supreme Court:

Supreme Court is the highest court in America. Its decision can not be changed and it can be changed by any court decision, or by the process of constitutional amendment. Judges are appointed by the President and they continue for life in their offices, unless they decide to resign. The first and greatest responsibility of the Supreme Court is to prevent the violation of constitutional principles.

Lower courts:

Article III of the American Constitution is a symbol of the formation of federal courts, which are necessary for interpretation, and are necessary for the application of federal laws of the state. Therefore, in addition to the Supreme Court, there are several districts, appeals and special courts.

Political System of the United Kingdom

Introduction:

The political system of the United Kingdom is essentially ruled by monarchy but the powers of the king, in this case, the queen is formal. The royal family has certain rights and effects on the processes of law. Due to the belief that royalty should be consulted in relation to laws affecting the interests of the government (Porter 2014).

The United Kingdom Parliament:

The government of the United Kingdom is almost synonymous with parliament. All rights come from the Parliament or Westminster. Parliament has the right to make or reject any law and there is no person in the United Kingdom who has the right to override parliament's decisions.

The Prime Minister:

The Prime Minister is the head of the government of the United Kingdom. He is vested with the responsibility of taking all the important decisions regarding:

  • Overseeing the functions of the government agencies and the civil service departments

  • Appointing the members of the government

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