A Brief History of the Pioneering Biologists
Biologists play an important role in the welfare of this world. They study about living beings, their origin, race, habitat, morphological, creative, and genetic composition. Biologist is classified into two groups, i.e. the zoologists (who read about animals) and botanists (who study plants) are classified. The study of wildlife is an essential aspect of the work of a zoologist. They also study the environmental issues that affect the protection of endangered species. Biologists working in the Healthcare Sector help identify deadly diseases by detecting harmful microorganisms. Botanists serving in the field of environmental management and conservation provide solutions for the protection of the problems and nature of the environment.
Well, now biology has evolved widely. But credit goes to its founders because without their efforts it was not possible. Here we have listed the most famous pioneers of this area and their related discoveries:
He is the founder of medicines, who are known for their contribution in the field of anatomy, neuroscience, pharmacology, and physiology. His theories of anatomy were influenced by the theory of humor which states that four types of humor control the functions of our body, namely black bile, blood, yellow bile, and cough. His principles maintained dominion over Western medicine science for more than 1,000 years.
They established the bilateral naming system which we use today. They divided all living things into three empires, namely plants, animals and minerals. As a curious observer of nature, he compiled a book "Species Plantarm" which describes the characteristics of more than 500 plants.
It is famous for giving the theory of naturalist development of the 19th century. According to this principle, every species on this planet has evolved from an ancestor and development is a continuous process. In his book "On the Origin of Species", he gave many examples of this. Disturbed by the geographical distribution of wildlife, he proposed the theory of natural selection which says that only the best species can survive in nature.
He is best known for germ theory, pasteurization method, vaccination theory, and microbial fermentation. This is due to their extensive research on microorganisms that today we can deal with hundreds of diseases. He also introduced criticism for anthrax and rabies.
This 18th century biologist and chemist identified the metabolic process and said that every living thing produces energy and heat. He said that this process is responsible for all the functions of our body like digestion, blood processing and immune control.
This Scottish botanical science describes the random movements of cells which are known as particle theories of our Brownian motion. He also studied different parts of the cell and gave a detailed description of cell nucleus.
Agastian monk in the 19th century is called the father of modern genetics. He was a hobby of gardening. They crossed the varieties of pea plants and found that the qualities of parents are passed on from generation to generation. They also revealed that the main character is more likely to be in heritage.
This 17th Century is popular for their contributions in scientific physics, chemistry and biology. With the use of his microscope, he studied the sample of the cork and found that it is composed of particles of several minutes and it is known as the cell. But he could not find anything about the functions and structure of the cell.
He is known as the father of immunology due to his pioneering work on breathing vaccine. He experimented with eight year old boy James Phipps, in which he put a cowpox pastole in his arm. They found that the cowpox was fitted with Phips, was immune to smallpox.
This was the list of the earliest biologists whose findings shape the study of biology. Although some of his theories had become unnecessary over time, he has paved the way for a technically advanced world.
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