Insurance begun its business almost a century back. Insurance business gained momentum in East Pakistan during 1947-1971, when 49 insurance companies transacted both life and general insurance schemes. These companies were of various origins British, Australian, Indian, West Pakistani and local. Ten insurance companies had their head offices in East Pakistan, 27 in West Pakistan, and the rest were located outside Bangladesh. These were mostly limited liability companies. Some of these companies were specialized in dealing in a particular class of business, while others were composite companies that dealt in more than one class of business ("Insurance - Banglapedia", 2017).After the liberation the government of the People's Republic of Bangladesh in 1971, nationalized the insurance industry along with the banks in 1972 by Presidential Order No. 95. By virtue of this order, all companies and organization transacting all types of insurance business in Bangladesh came under this nationalization order. This was followed by creation of five insurance companies in the life and non-life sector:-
1. Jatiya Bima Corporation (National Insurance Corporation).
2. Teesta Bima Corporation (Teesta Insurance Corporation).
3. Karnaphuli Bima Corporation (Karnaphuli Insurance Corporation).
4. Rupsa Jiban Bima Corporation (Rupsa Life Insurance Corporation).
5. Surma Jiban Bima Corporation (Surma Life Insurance Corporation).
Further changes were brought on 14th May, 1973. Through the enactment of Insurance Corporation Act VI, 1973 which led to creation of two corporations namely: Sadharan Bima Corporation for general insurance . Jib Bima Corporation for life insurance in Bangladesh.
1. Sadharan Bima Corporation for general insurance .
2. Jiban Bima Corporation for life insurance in Bangladesh.
A country’s economic development is mostly dependent on contribution of various economic sectors like agriculture, industries, power, transport, trade service, finance and banking, etc. Insurance sector has been playing a vital role in the development of the country’s economy.
In fiscal year 2011-12, insurance sector contributed 0.41% of gross domestic product (GDP) of Bangladesh. The figure decreased consecutively after 2011-12 and decreased to 0.34% in fiscal year 2015-16. It seems that the insurance sector has been facing some problems and its contribution to the nation’s economy is very low.
47 insurance companies are listed with Bangladesh stock market. Insurance sector is an important sector in the stock market though it has not been contributing sufficiently to the benchmark index as the other financial sectors like Bank and Financial Institution. In last few years, they are at good sectorial position in the DSE. The listed companies with their category are:-
This report is prepared for the intention of analyzing the performance of listed insurance companies at DSE since 2012. the report is mainly split into three parts. Firstly, briefly analyze of key financial results of al insurance companies considering net premium income, operating efficiency, and return ratio (in percentage) and earnings. Secondly, insurance sector’s performance in terms of turnover value and market capitalization. Third, a correlation matrix between insurance sector and banking sector and insurance sector and financial sector based on the sectors market capitalization throughout four years (2013 - 2017).
Net premium income is the main source of income of the insurance company. We consider only 35 general insurance companies out of 47 listed companies since the data of 12 life insurance companies is not available on the secondary sources. The simple average growth rate of net premium income was 6% throughout the 3 years (2014 – 2016) and 5 % for the year 2013.
Out of 35 insurance companies Green Delta Insurance Ltd. Showed highest net premium income throughout the 5 years (2012-2016). And its total net premium income throughout the 5 years was 6328.29.
Return on assets (ROA) is an indicator used to assess financial performance. The profitability of the 35 listed insurance companies taking into account dividing the net profit after tax by average total assets were in decreasing trend during last few years.
Out of the 35 listed insurance companies Purabi Gen. Insurance Company Ltd. Showed the highest simple average return on asset throughout the 5 years with 12.34 ROA. The second and third highest ROA was for Prime Insurance Company Ltd. And Mercantile Insurance Co. Ltd. With 11.92 and 10.90 respectively. Where the Janata Insurance Company Ltd. Showed the lowest ROA with 1.99.
Earnings per share (EPS) is the summarized results of all income and it unveils a lot about the financial health of a company. Earnings growth is gauged by using basic EPS for the years of 2016, 2015, 2014, and 2013.
The mean EPS growth of insurance sector was negative throughout 2014 to 2016 after a positive growth for 2013. The mean EPS for 2016 to 2014 was -0.043, -0.044, -0.011 respectively and mean EPS for 2013 was 0.064. And their standard deviation was 0.863, 0.868, 0.960, and 1.121 for 2016 to 2013
The mean EPS growth of insurance sector and the standard deviation were more favorable in 2013 than 2014 to 2016. This finding suggests that profitability of the majority of the 35-listed companies decreased during last few years. The highest average EPS was for 2013. The average EPS for 2012 was 2.14 and 2.18 was for 2013 after that the EPS was decreased gradually, average EPS falls at 2.09, 1.88, and 1.8 in 2014, 2015 and 2016 respectively.
Bangladesh stock market had always been dominated by financial sector in every single market indicator and insurance sector plays an important role. In 2017 the sector’s turnover value was 1.8% of the total market turnover. In 2016, insurance sectors turnover value was 2.4% of the total market turnover. In 2015, insurance sector done very well in terms of turnover value 4.33% of the total market turnover value which placed the sector at the 11th position. And in 2014, its turnover value was 1.89% of the total market turnover.
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