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M/601/1444 Information Systems in Organization

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M/601/1444 Information Systems in Organization

 INTRODUCTION

Information is the most valuable resource that an organisation possesses. The effective gathering, protection, analysis, processing and dissemination of information is vital to the success of any organisation. As globalisation and the 24-hour economy develop and increase, organisations must ensure that their Information Systems are reliable, efficient and able to cope with rapid change.

Organisations whose Information Systems previously dealt purely with data processing have now introduced those supporting strategic management and decision support. Managers at all levels need appropriate and timely information to plan successfully in the short, medium and long term, and that information can have many sources and destinations. As organisations diversify and decentralise, information also needs to be available to many non-managerial staff in a variety of locations. The logical conclusion is that an organisation is now completely dependent on the effectiveness of its Information Systems in order to survive and thrive in the 21st century business environment.

Learners will begin this unit by analysing the information needs of an organisation at different levels and within different functional areas. It is important that computing professionals are able to understand how an organisation works and how it uses information, in order to be able to design, implement, maintain, and manage systems to support its operation.

On completion of this unit, learners will understand the importance of effective Information Systems to an organisation. They will be aware of the variety of options available for information processing and know that these will inevitably change over time. They will also use an information system to produce management information.

1.1 AIM:
To provide learners with an understanding of how organisations use Information Systems to help them manage their specific needs.

1.2 Objectives 
On successful completion of this unit a learner will:
1 Understand information needs within different functional areas of organizations
2 Be able to compare Information Systems
3 Be able to use Information Systems to produce management information

Unit Content:
Indicative content:
 
1 Understand information needs within different functional areas of organisations
 
Functional areas of an organisation: typical areas e.g. finance, accounts, human resources, stock control, sales, marketing, research and development, production, distribution, customer service, administration

Information needs: requirements analysis e.g. strategic, tactical, operational; data requirements e.g. inputs, outputs, processing activities; information distribution requirements e.g. location, department, individual
 
2 Be able to compare Information Systems
 
Information Systems: types e.g. business Information Systems, decision support systems, management Information Systems, executive Information Systems, office Information Systems, transaction processing systems, expert systems, global Information Systems, data warehouse systems, enterprise systems, enterprise resource planning systems, integrated Information Systems

Information and data: definition of information and data, sources of information, information requirements and the needs for information at different levels within an organisation, storing information and its importance with regard to security, accuracy and relevance; outputs e.g. payroll, invoicing, ordering, bookings, stock control, personnel records, goods tracking, decision making, marketing, customer service
 
3 Be able to use Information Systems to produce management information
Management information: reports e.g. sales report, college enrolment statistics, marketing analysis (brick v click) Gathering information: defining requirements; establishing sources of information; defining other factors to be considered e.g. constraints
 
Selecting information: analysis of e.g. validity, accuracy, currency, relevance; identifying 
Alternatives
 
Section 2: Learning Outcomes and assessment criteria 
On successful completion of this unit a learner will:
LO1: Understand information needs within different functional areas of organisations
P1.1 Evaluate the information needs of the different functional areas of an organisation

LO2 be able to compare Information Systems
P2.1 Describe different types of Information Systems
P2.2 Investigate the current trends in using Information Systems applications to solve business problems
P2.3 Evaluate the suitability of Information Systems for different functional areas of an organisation

LO3 be able to use Information Systems to produce management information
P 3.1 Use an information system to generate valid, accurate and useful information for a given problem
P3.2 Evaluate alternative methods of solving the problem.
 
Section 3: Teaching and learning Methods
The module tutor(s) will aim to combine lectures with tutorial activities. This environment will provide opportunities for the student to understand the course material through case study and text and to apply it in a practical way. The intent is to facilitate interactive class activities, and discussion about the significant role of research in a global and local business environment.

Teaching Ethos
The College’s approach towards teaching and learning is simple and effective. The main aim of UKCBC is to assist learners in maximising their potential by ensuring that they are taught clearly and effectively. This will enable students to engage in the learning environment and promote success in both their academic studies and subsequent career.
 
Section 4: Assessment Methods -Summary 
LECTURES:
These will be developed around the key concepts as mentioned in the indicative course content and will use a range of live examples and cases from business practice to demonstrate the application of theoretical concepts. This method is primarily used to identify and explain key aspects of the subject so that learners can utilise their private study time more effectively. 

SEMINARS:
These are in addition to the lectures. The seminars are designed to give learners the opportunity to test their understanding of the material covered in the lectures and private study with the help of reference books. This methodology usually carries a set of questions identified in advance. Seminars are interactive sessions led by the learners. This method of study gives the learner an excellent opportunity to clarify any points of difficulty with the tutor and simultaneously develop their oral communication skills.

CASE STUDIES:
An important learning methodology is the extensive use of case studies. They enable learners to apply the concepts that they learn in their subjects. The learners have to study the case, analyse the facts presented and arrive at conclusions and recommendations. This assists in the assessment of the learner’s ability to apply to the real world the tools and techniques of analysis which they have learnt. The case study serves as a supplement to the theoretical knowledge imparted through the course work.
 
 
Teaching and Learning Activities
The module tutor(s) will aim to combine lectures with tutorial activities. This environment will provide opportunities for the student to understand the course material through case study and text and to apply it in a practical way. The intent is to facilitate interactive class activities, and discussion about the significant role of research in a global and local business environment.
 
Teaching Ethos
The College’s approach towards teaching and learning is simple and effective. The main aim of UKCBC is to assist learners in maximising their potential by ensuring that they are taught clearly and effectively. This will enable students to engage in the learning environment and promote success in both their academic studies and subsequent career.
 
Plagiarism:
Any act of plagiarism will be seriously dealt with according to the Colleges and awarding bodies’ regulations. In this context the definition and scope of plagiarism are presented below: 
Plagiarism is presenting someone’s work as your won. It includes copying information directly from the web or books without referencing the material; submitting joint coursework as an individual effort; copying another student’s coursework; stealing coursework form another student and submitting it as your own work. Suspected plagiarism will be investigated and if found to have occurred will be dealt with according to the College procedure. (For further details please refer to the plagiarism policy and the student code of conduct.)  
 
Assessment:
The module will be assessed meeting all the assessment criteria as specified by the awarding body, Pearson Ed Excel.
Please read the instructions carefully while addressing the tasks specified.  
Contribution: 100% of the module
Outline Details:  report approx 4500 words.   Details enclosed in the assignment brief 
 
LO1 Understanding information needs with in different functional areas of organisation.
TASK 1 The objective of this task is to address and exhibit an understanding information needs with in different functional areas of organisation. You are required to carry out  research by using supportive materials like books, websites, etc., and give a feedback of the findings. The answers need to be reflected to the selected organisation of your choice. Answers without application to an organization or without examples will be marked as Resubmission.
 Information has been described as the backbone in business success, Information is vital to communication and a critical resource for performing works in organizations daily activities. Business managers spend most of their day in meetings, reading, writing, and communicating with other managers, subordinates, customers, vendors, and other constituents via telephone, in person, or by e-mail. Indeed, management itself is information processing. Learners are required to select an organisation and respond to learning outcomes. 
 
Required:
A.C1.1 Evaluate the information needs of at least four functional areas of your chosen organisation. 
 
LO2 Be able to compare Information Systems
 
TASK 2: The objective of this task is to be able to compare Information Systems. You are required to address the task as specified and research the selected organization of your choice in task 1 to address the assessment criteria A.C2.1 and A.C2.2 and A.C2.3 as specified. Answers need to be reflected to the selected organisation of your choice. Answers without application to an organization or without examples will be marked as Resubmission.

A.C2.1 Describe minimum of five different types of Information Systems used in your chosen organisations in task 1 and give examples of each.

A.C2.2 Investigate the current trend in using Information System applications to solve business problems in your chosen organisation in Task 1. 

A.C2.3 Evaluate the suitability of Information Systems for different functional areas of your chosen organisation in Task 1
 
LO 3 Use Information Systems to produce management information.
Task 3: The objective for this task is to be able to use Information Systems to produce management information. You are required to address the task as specified and research the selected organization of your choice to address the learning outcomes as specified:  Please note that the research and subjective skill needs to exhibit transferable skill by reflecting it to the chosen Data Analysis and Design or Database Design Concept case study. Answers without application to an organization or without examples will be marked as
 
Resubmission.
You are required to use any type of Information Systems that you are familiar with to generate appropriate answers for Task 3. You may use Data Analysis and Design case study as one of the options for Task 3 or the Database Design Concept case study for this Task.
 
Assignment Guidelines
Use a standard report structure, Word-process the report and use Normal script of a proper font size 12.
Produce an academic report, detailing the above issues with a word limit of approx. 4000 to 4500 words.  
Complete the title page and sign the statement of authenticity.
The Assignment sheet should be attached in the front.
Submit the document in a folder in the form of a file as well as a soft copy on the submission date. 
It should be uploaded on E-Learning platform before the deadline and submitted to -------- and sign the submission form of the College.
Assignments submitted after the deadline will not be accepted unless mitigating and may be entitled for a late fee. 
Collusion and Plagiarism must be avoided.
Start each answer on a new page and pages should be numbered. Highlight each question clearly.
Include a Bibliography at the end of the assignment and use the Harvard referencing system.   
All work should be comprehensively referenced and all sources must be fully acknowledged, such as books and journals, websites (include the date of visit), etc. 
Try to give the page numbers, publishers' details and the year of publication
In order to pass you need to address all the LO
In order to get a merit you need to first pass and then address the characteristics of M1, M2,M3  
 
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