In the annotated bibliography, the primary focus has been given to the changing perspective in the domain of sustainable tourism development. From all the articles analyzed in can be observed that the climate change is one of the most important issue which is currently affecting the sustainable tourism industry as of now. Moreover, it can be also summarized that the emissions caused by the tourist is affecting the natural habitat and hence climate of the respective tourist spots. Heavy pollutants such as plastic wastes in the beaches are one of the most prominent problems various tourism industries are having. This problem also reflects on the natural habitat (both flora fauna) of the ocean. From the article 1, it can be summarized that social marketing plays an important role in terms maintaining the business growth in sustainable tourism. Social marketing helps to target a large scale of potential customers in a very easy and short span of time. Hence, it will help to grow the business. On the other hand, from article 2, 3, 4 and 5 we can get an idea how climate change can affect tourism in case of domestic and international scenarios. As the climate changes are affecting the tourism pattern, the optimum whether or the seasonal cycles are getting changes, which moreover affects the tourist visiting patterns. Moreover, many historical sites are also getting affected by this climate change such as Taj Mahal, which is famous for its white color. In many other cases, global warming is substantially increasing the water level resulting in flooding many regions and tourist sites. The hilly areas and snowy areas are also getting affected due to the climate change, which is significantly reducing the charm and losing its attractiveness to tourists. Lastly, this abruption are affecting the tourism economically which is affecting the entire industry in a negative manner.
Table of Contents
Citation: Hall, C. M. (2016). Intervening in academic interventions: framing social marketing's potential for successful sustainable tourism behavioural change. Journal of Sustainable Tourism, 24(3), 350-375.
Introduction: The research paper mainly discusses about the contributions along with the emissions associated with environmental changes. This is followed with the discussion on the optimistic behavioural interventions based on a structured social marketing platform for investigating the opportunities associated for tourism researchers for focusing on the sustainable tourist behavioural changes.
Aims and Research Methods: The aim of the study is to frame social marketing’s potentiality for coining a successful sustainable tourism behavioural change. The study is mainly conducted based on secondary set of data, such as peer reviewed journal articles, books and authentic blogs.
Scope: The term ‘sustainable tourism’ has been effectively designed and thereby designated in this study in a scientific manner which clearly notifies on the upcoming opportunities which might be gained by the tourism industry on synchronizing with social media platform.
Usefulness: Environmental changes, mainly the emissions has been taken into concern while designing the research, thus it can be clearly stated that the research do holds a scientific notation and hence has a predominant reliability rate in the contemporary stage.
Limitations: The study is mainly based on secondary data thus it can be noted that although the researcher would get a significant theoretical backup from the past journals, but the basic analysis on the current scenario along with the hypothetical projection on the upcoming scenario will be missing from the entire scene.
Conclusions: Thus, it can be concluded that the two valuable domains, i.e. objective and value-free research has been effectively analyzed in the study.
Reflection: Thus, it can be stated that marketing based on client psychology is an important parameter which needs to be catered well based on objective and value free tourism research.
Citation: Dillimono, H. D., & Dickinson, J. E. (2015). Travel, tourism, climate change, and behavioral change: travelers’ perspectives from a developing country, Nigeria. Journal of Sustainable Tourism, 23(3), 437-454.
Introduction: The study projected on the interrelationship between ‘climate changes’ and its ‘relationship to tourism’. As stated in the study, tourism is mainly centric towards developed countries that are predominantly approached by the target population of the developing countries.
Aims and Research Methods: The aim of the research study is to highlight the impact of tourism, climate change and behavioural changes on the perspective of a developing country, i.e. Nigeria. The study is mainly conducted based on primary interview study on 20 Nigerian tourists (Qualitative Analysis).
Scope: The study ventures on the knowledge gap that whether behavioural change policies have an optimistic approach towards environment friendly approaches.
Usefulness: The main perspective of the study is to analyze the linkage between climate change and travelling along with the willingness of the Nigerian tourists towards the acceptance of the adaptation in a systematic manner.
Limitations: The survey is conducted based on the tourists, who might not have a good knowledge on core terms such as climate change. Thus, the reliability of the data will be questionable at every possible level.
Conclusions: The key barrier to the study is the structural barriers, which limits the carbon tourism in Nigeria. Thus on this note it can be evident to conclude that the behavioural changes would be considerably challenging to determine.
Reflection: It can be analyzed that though the study mainly projects on tourism pattern and its fluctuations due to the climate changes, but the reliability of the data remains a serious concern.
Citation: Bonzanigo, L., Giupponi, C., & Balbi, S. (2016). Sustainable tourism planning and climate change adaptation in the Alps: A case study of winter tourism in mountain communities in the Dolomites. Journal of Sustainable Tourism, 24(4), 637-652.
Introduction: This study is mainly based on the European Alpine demography, which has a high sensitivity towards climate changes. The snow dependent region is highly dependent on the climate alterations, especially during the winter, which has an impact on the local discourses.
Aims and Research Methods: The aim of the study is to analyze the sustainable tourism planning and climate change adaptation in the Alps based on a case study of winter tourism in mountain communities in the Dolomites. The study has been designed based on a case study; hence, secondary research study has been followed significantly.
Scope: The study generates a scope on participatory decisions based on the adaptation strategies, mainly in Auronzo di Cadore region.
Usefulness: The study do encourages creativity and thereby smoothen potential conflicts to a subjective level. Moreover, slackening the integration of the knowledge along with the preferences is analyzed effectively.
Limitations: The study is based on a case study and thereby has limited access on the primary set of data, which becomes a serious issue in terms of data validation.
Conclusions: Thus, the study highlights the contribution towards an integrated sustainability of alternative strategies associated with sustainable tourism planning.
Reflection: Thus, it can be analyzed that the paper effectively explores towards in integrated climate change adaption and thereby highlights the perspective of the local discourses regarding the same.
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