How should you go about this?
Advice on writing an essay report: Step by step guide
1.Define oxidative stress and describe a disease associated with it. Are there any nutritional
supplements suggested for the treatment of this disease? What are the prons and cons of these
and what the related research suggest?
2. Identify the literature that you will review
3. Analyze the literature
Once you have identified and located the articles for your review, you need to analyse them and organize them before you begin writing: (i) look through the articles to get an idea of the general content of the article, (ii) group the articles into categories and (iii) take notes
4. Summarise the literature in a table
5. Make a draft before you write your review
Briefly summarise the research background, explain why the topic is of interest and clearly state what the aim(s) of the report are.
1.A discussion critically evaluating recent research in the area and its implications (such as possible impact on diagnostic practice or contribution to understanding of a pathogenic process).
2.Explanation of how each work is similar to and how it varies from the others.
3.Conclusions as to which pieces are best considered in the argument, are most convincing of their opinions and make the greatest contribution to the understanding and development of their area of research.
4. Unresolved issues should be highlighted where appropriate, as well as suggestions for further work.
1.Summarise your findings in relation to the stated aim(s). You may wish to make a judgement ie there is or there is not real evidence that nutritional supplements work on these diseases. There is not necessarily a right answer here, it is a question of arguing your viewpoint and basing it on the evidence you provide.
1. Use a realistic number of references
2. Cite all references; books, journal articles and web sites used in writing up the report using Vancouver Style (See https://metranet.londonmet.ac.uk/services/sas/library-services/referencing/referencing2.cfm).
Journal and book references should be cited in the text in brackets following a particular statement and should either give the author's name and year of publication or a number according to the order of the citation, for example:
"Drug resistance has become a major problem in the treatment of TB" (Madigan et al., 1994).
"Drug resistance has become a major problem in the treatment of TB" (1).
Journal references must be listed at the end of the report in alphabetical order according to the first author’s name or numerical order if cited numerically. Information from a text book should also be cite with the author(s) and the year of publication or numerical order in the text as above.
Web site references should also be cited in the text where they are given a number according to the sequence in which they appear in the text. It is preferable, if an author or source for the web reference is available to cite this source and place the reference in the alphabetical list. Numbered web site references are listed after journal/book references in the reference list.
The reference list at the end of the document must provide the authors, year of publication, title of article or book chapter, name of journal or book, volume and page numbers. Book references also commonly provide the edition, publisher and place of publication. The ‘et al.’ is latin for ‘and others’ and is used in the text when there are more than two authors, but all authors must be shown in the reference list. All foreign words such as et al. and in vitro should be written in italics.
Example of Reference list using Vancouver system;
Students are reminded that referenced material should be predominantly from peer-reviewed research papers or text-books, rather than web sites.
You are reminded that plagiarism is a serious assessment offence. Plagiarism may be defined as taking another person’s work, and passing it off as your own. The University’s regulations for plagiarism allow for penalties up to and including expulsion from the University.
Accordingly, it is strictly not permitted to copy published work, whether in print or on the Internet, and submit it as part of your coursework. Nor are you allowed to submit, as your own, unpublished work written by anyone else, including that of another student. You will also be guilty of plagiarism if you copy work and make only minimal changes to its wording and expression. If you are not the original author of any work, text, data, figures, pictures etc., this must be correctly referenced.
The only exception is that you may occasionally quote an important short phrase where this supports a scientific point you are making. In this case however the quotation must be placed in inverted commas, and the author and source must be given. Otherwise this too will be counted as
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