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HC3031 Trends in the Global Business Environment


Trends in the Global Business Environment


Automation can have the power of transformation of the structure of the employment for different types of job. The concept of automation can be defined as an automatic control of different machinery systems, productive or packaging system, communication or networking system by the use of the different operating software. This can be applied almost in all industries like car manufacturing, banking, aircraft manufacturing, and food processing industries and also for the authors to write automatically with the use of technology. The main aim of the automation by the organizations is to reduce manpower, to get a more precise result, to get the result within a short time span and so on. In this present study, a discussion would be done on the impact of automation in different professions. The different findings would be discussed its advantages and disadvantages in detail in the study.  


The idea of Automation can be considered as a new aspect which affects the employment, especially from the 20th century. Initially, the automation technology is used to reduce the burden of the labours, which are performing a heavy job like lifting or dragging heavy materials, more time-consuming works like segregation of different similar kinds of products in different industries and so on. The technology becomes very popular in less time because the time and cost effectiveness and more precision in the work comparing the labours. But the technology requires a high maintenance quality to run it well. In the starting of the 20th century, there are several industries in all over the world where the automation technology has been adopted. That effective adoption of this technology leads to a decline in the employment rate among the workers of different background like production, agriculture or the typewriter of different offices. The changes were quite clear especially in the developed country than the developing country. A global decline in employment in 1990 was 40% in agriculture which became 42% in early 2000. According to Deelman et al. (2015), 87% deterioration was there in the manufacturing job in the developed countries from 2000 to 2010 and 13% deterioration was there of the globalization of the automation. As stated by Groover (2016), in the United States in early 1990, the enhancement of the production was 71.8% more than the previous year but the rate of employment fall down to almost 30.7%. This is resulting in the 72% more production without the involvement of 70% fewer employees. This is very beneficial for the different organizations as the cost to manage the human resource has decreased a lot. This helps to bring the great profit to the companies, even though the maintenance cost was high but the accuracy and more amount of production attract the larger organizations to concentrate more on the automation technology. As stated by Fung (2014), the global participation of automated operation was 10% in 2015 but it is expected that it may become 25% in the near future of 2025. Now a day the modified technologies are able to deduct the maintenance cost and a simpler way of handling the automatic operation. Hence the use of the technology is rapidly increasing in all over the world.

After the successful administration of this automation in agriculture and production, the emphasis has turned to concentrate more on the banking and governmental and non-governmental organization by replacing the typewriters with the robots or indirectly the automated technology. Several studies across the universe have shown that the proper use of the automation technology is less time consuming and more accurate than the manpower. As commented by Tapscott (2012), the efficiency in data processing is 69% more accurate and it takes two thirds less time by the automation than the efficiency of the human being. The maintenance of human resource requires 7% time for managing and developing the ability to perform any kind of job by the workers but still, the efficiency of performing the same job is 9% less than the operating automation system. So more utilization of automation has shown several advantages like by using the technology within a less time more work can be done, the accuracy rate of the job is quite high and most importantly it is enhancing the productivity which is more profitable for the different organizations. 

The globalization of automation technology in different kinds of organizations has also created a lot of argument due to the deterioration in the employment rate. According to Chui et al. (2015), the increased demand for automation technology in a different profession, the requirement of human employees has decreased a lot. This has affected the economic status and standards of a lifestyle of the employees due to the condition. This unemployment has an effect on the national economy of a particular country and also for the global economy. This diminished rate of employment has transformed the trend of employment among the workers. More employees are gaining efficiency to operate and handle the automation technology to make them effective for being employed. The trend has been shifted exclusively to the automation technology. The present study would focus to evaluate the impact of this technology in the different profession and also the future trend of the employment style based on the automation technology.     

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