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Fundamentals of Management

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Fundamentals of Management

Introduction

 

Management of the ethical dilemmas enhances the ethical morality of a business environment. This course study demonstrates the ethical decision of a pharmaceutical organization of Australia, CSL Behring, which have developed vaccines, in order to treat a virus. The virus is already tested on the chimpanzees, and thus wants to take decision on human trail. This study highlights the concept of ethical decision making with relevant theories and models. This discourse demonstrates the management roles and functions, which focuses on the fundamentals of organization management.

The thesis of the discourse sheds light on the management decision-making process of the organization, with considering the ethical dilemmas.

Body

Concept of Ethical management

 

Ethics are considered as the moral standards, by an organization, which are considered in the organizational process, policies and procedures of the organization. In terms of ethics, the managers of the organizations, such as CSL, have to take decision based on the moral implications, which might influence their organizational decisions, and related stakeholders. Ethical management of an organization plays an important role in enhancing the organizational performance and process, in a positive manner.

In case of CSL, the ethical decision management of the organization is the manager decision, in terms of vaccine use on humans, which needs to be properly accumulated with the social standards. As Dane and Sonenshein (2015, p.82), has commented that, the ethical decisions of an organization, needs to be properly analyzed by the managers and concerned authorities of the organization, in order to identify the potential risks.

Ethical management practices, with reference to the maintenance of the social standards, can help the organization to place proper ethical decision, in relation to social well-being. The managers of the CSL Behring, needs to identify the possible and potential risks of the vaccine use on the human, which can help them to strategize a planning, based on the estimated outcomes.

In addition to that, the ethical decision making management in relation to the vaccine use on humans, by CSL can help them to gain positive reputation, as concerning the influence of decision on stakeholders, helps the organization to gain positive response.

The ethical decision making process in terms of emergency situations, as shown in the case study, needs to be placed properly. However, Hamer and Collinson (2014, p.28), has argued that, the ethical decisions of an organization cannot rely on the possible outcome estimation, in an emergency situation. Regardless, proper ethical decision making in CSL Behring, can help the organization to feature positive and strong relationship with their stakeholders and service users.

On the other hand, in the opinion of Faden, Beauchamp and Kass (2014, p.767), the ethical decisions of an organization needs to consider the legal consideration within the decision, in order to gain the advantage of authenticity. The managerial ethical decision of CSL thus needs to place the decision based on the social needs and considering the legislative consideration. As the case study demonstrates that, the concerned virus has already been spread in West Africa, thus, the organization needs to consider the social well-being.

Principles of Decision-Making

While taking the decision on sharing of the experimental vaccines to the West African health workers, CSL needs to maintain the principles of ethical-decision making. As the virus is spreading rapidly in the West Africa, thus, the need of treating the individuals is immediate and necessary. In the view of Gopee and Galloway (2017, p.53), maintenance of the decision-making principles, in the organizational decision can help to place proper and concrete decision in a positive manner.

In general, there are five principles of the decision-making. The principles are following:

Beneficence

The principle of beneficence in the decision-making, needs to be done, based on the well-being of the patients and service users. From the given case study, it has been seen that, the widespread of vaccine has already spread rapidly to the West Africa. Thus, in order to stop the virus from spreading in the other areas, the CSL needs to take decision, based on the patient and individuals needs. In the opinion of Ocak, Köseoglu and Yildiz (2017, p.6), the principle of beneficence of the decision-making with considering the ethics, ensures the obligation of benefitting the concerned patients, staffs and other service users well-being.

Non-maleficence

The principle of non-maleficence ensures that the patients, stakeholders or any other individuals related, directly or indirectly, are not harmed through the decision of the organization. Considering the principle of non-maleficence, in terms of decision making of CSL, denying of request by the health worker of West Africa can harm the health status of the individuals, suffering from the virus. However, on the other hand, as the vaccine are tested on the chimpanzees but not on the human, thus the result of human trial might show either positive effects or negative effects, which cannot be estimated properly.

Respect for autonomy and individuals

In terms of the third principle of the respect for the individuals and their autonomy considers the decision of the patients, in terms of their treatment. However, as Buchbinder and Shanks (2016, p.83), has commented that, in the principle of autonomy and respect, several; conflicts, among the decision maker and the patients or service users might arise. As the treatment desired by the patients, might not be warranted by the service provider, thus, forming the situation of conflicts. In case of the CSL, as the vaccines are not tested on humans, however, the health workers are requesting for the vaccines, in order to treat the patients suffering from the virus, thus, the conflicts might be formed, as the human trial results are not guaranteed by the CSL. 

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